In this study, we investigated the sorption-desorption behavior of imazamox (IMZ) and 2,4-DB (DB) in two typical acidic Mediterranean agricultural soils and the impact of these herbicides on culturable soil bacterial populations, enzyme activities and functional diversity when applied at concentrations higher than recommended doses (10x, 50x, 500x). Herbicide sorption was similar in both soils and IMZ was less retained compared to DB (similar to 0.5 vs. 40 mu g g(-1) soil, respectively). IMZ desorption was remarkable (70-100%) while that of DB was more limited, i.e., similar to 40%. Three days after spiking (DAS), IMZ and DB significantly increased the number of soil-culturable heterotrophic bacteria, actinomycetes and Pseudomonas spp., soil respiration and the potential catabolic capacity of soil microbial communities. Soil dehydrogenase activity increased by similar to 56-70% in IMZ-treated soils while being reduced by similar to 33-41% in DB-treated ones. beta-glucosidase activity showed a soil-dependent behavior, while the pattern of C source utilization suggested a change of soil microbial community structure after herbicide (especially DB) spiking. At 30 DAS, the herbicides' impact on soil microorganisms, enzyme activity and functional diversity was still visible. Moreover, a toxic effect of DB (at 50x and 500x), but not IMZ, was recorded vs. Rhizobium sullae, the bacterial symbiont of Hedysarum coronarium. The obtained results indicated that IMZ and DB are poorly sorbed and highly desorbed by both soils. Moreover, at the tested concentrations, IMZ and DB can have short- and medium-term impacts on the microbial component and the related activity of the investigated soils, likely affecting a range of ecosystem services provided by soil microorganisms.

Sorption-Desorption of Imazamox and 2,4-DB in Acidic Mediterranean Agricultural Soils and Herbicide Impact on Culturable Bacterial Populations and Functional Diversity / Pinna, Mv; Castaldi, P; Garau, M; Bianco, A; Multineddu, C; Cesarani, A; Sitzia, M; Diquattro, S; Mangia, Np; Garau, G. - In: AGRICULTURE. - ISSN 2077-0472. - 12:11(2022), p. 1862. [10.3390/agriculture12111862]

Sorption-Desorption of Imazamox and 2,4-DB in Acidic Mediterranean Agricultural Soils and Herbicide Impact on Culturable Bacterial Populations and Functional Diversity

Pinna, MV;Castaldi, P;Garau, M;Bianco, A;Multineddu, C;Cesarani, A;Diquattro, S;Mangia, NP;Garau, G
2022-01-01

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the sorption-desorption behavior of imazamox (IMZ) and 2,4-DB (DB) in two typical acidic Mediterranean agricultural soils and the impact of these herbicides on culturable soil bacterial populations, enzyme activities and functional diversity when applied at concentrations higher than recommended doses (10x, 50x, 500x). Herbicide sorption was similar in both soils and IMZ was less retained compared to DB (similar to 0.5 vs. 40 mu g g(-1) soil, respectively). IMZ desorption was remarkable (70-100%) while that of DB was more limited, i.e., similar to 40%. Three days after spiking (DAS), IMZ and DB significantly increased the number of soil-culturable heterotrophic bacteria, actinomycetes and Pseudomonas spp., soil respiration and the potential catabolic capacity of soil microbial communities. Soil dehydrogenase activity increased by similar to 56-70% in IMZ-treated soils while being reduced by similar to 33-41% in DB-treated ones. beta-glucosidase activity showed a soil-dependent behavior, while the pattern of C source utilization suggested a change of soil microbial community structure after herbicide (especially DB) spiking. At 30 DAS, the herbicides' impact on soil microorganisms, enzyme activity and functional diversity was still visible. Moreover, a toxic effect of DB (at 50x and 500x), but not IMZ, was recorded vs. Rhizobium sullae, the bacterial symbiont of Hedysarum coronarium. The obtained results indicated that IMZ and DB are poorly sorbed and highly desorbed by both soils. Moreover, at the tested concentrations, IMZ and DB can have short- and medium-term impacts on the microbial component and the related activity of the investigated soils, likely affecting a range of ecosystem services provided by soil microorganisms.
Sorption-Desorption of Imazamox and 2,4-DB in Acidic Mediterranean Agricultural Soils and Herbicide Impact on Culturable Bacterial Populations and Functional Diversity / Pinna, Mv; Castaldi, P; Garau, M; Bianco, A; Multineddu, C; Cesarani, A; Sitzia, M; Diquattro, S; Mangia, Np; Garau, G. - In: AGRICULTURE. - ISSN 2077-0472. - 12:11(2022), p. 1862. [10.3390/agriculture12111862]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/300604
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