GC-FID/MS is a powerful technique used to analyze food and beverage aromas. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in grape berries play an important role in determining wine quality and are affected by many factors, such as climate and soil that mainly influence their relative concentrations. Wine aroma is generated by a complex mixture of compounds, and the sensory relevance of individual VOCs is far from elucidated. Herein, the VOC content (free and glycosylated) of Cannonau grape skin and juice and of Cannonau wine collected in different areas of Sardinia is explored. Wine sensory analysis was also carried out and the relationship between sensory attributes and VOCs was investigated. Although Cannonau grapes showed the same VOC fingerprint, great variability was identified between samples, although only the differences in 2-phenylethanol and benzyl alcohol concentration in the grape skins and benzyl alcohol and a terpenoid in grape juice were significantly different according to ANOVA. The correlation between VOC content and the sensory profile highlights the role played by 2-methyl-1-butanol and 2-phenylethanol in increasing wine sensory complexity.

Grape and wine composition in vitis vinifera L. Cv. cannonau explored by GC-MS and sensory analysis / Petretto, G. L.; Mercenaro, L.; Urgeghe, P. P.; Fadda, C.; Valentoni, A.; Del Caro, A.. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 10:1(2021), pp. 101-122. [10.3390/foods10010101]

Grape and wine composition in vitis vinifera L. Cv. cannonau explored by GC-MS and sensory analysis

Petretto G. L.;Mercenaro L.;Urgeghe P. P.;Fadda C.;Valentoni A.;Del Caro A.
2021

Abstract

GC-FID/MS is a powerful technique used to analyze food and beverage aromas. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in grape berries play an important role in determining wine quality and are affected by many factors, such as climate and soil that mainly influence their relative concentrations. Wine aroma is generated by a complex mixture of compounds, and the sensory relevance of individual VOCs is far from elucidated. Herein, the VOC content (free and glycosylated) of Cannonau grape skin and juice and of Cannonau wine collected in different areas of Sardinia is explored. Wine sensory analysis was also carried out and the relationship between sensory attributes and VOCs was investigated. Although Cannonau grapes showed the same VOC fingerprint, great variability was identified between samples, although only the differences in 2-phenylethanol and benzyl alcohol concentration in the grape skins and benzyl alcohol and a terpenoid in grape juice were significantly different according to ANOVA. The correlation between VOC content and the sensory profile highlights the role played by 2-methyl-1-butanol and 2-phenylethanol in increasing wine sensory complexity.
Grape and wine composition in vitis vinifera L. Cv. cannonau explored by GC-MS and sensory analysis / Petretto, G. L.; Mercenaro, L.; Urgeghe, P. P.; Fadda, C.; Valentoni, A.; Del Caro, A.. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 10:1(2021), pp. 101-122. [10.3390/foods10010101]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/246155
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