The aims of the present study were to determine Yersinia enterocolitica prevalence in finishing pigs and piglets at slaughter and to characterize the isolates in terms of bioserotype, virulence profile, antimicrobial susceptibility and genetic diversity. During the years 2013–2014, nine pig slaughterhouses placed in Sardinia (Italy) were visited twice, in order to collect animal samples and scalding water. Overall, 609 samples respectively of tonsils (126), colon content (161), mesenteric lymph nodes (161) and carcass surfaces (161) were collected from 126 finishing pigs and 35 piglets. Moreover, 18 scalding water samples were collected. Samples were analyzed for the detection of Y. enterocolitica according to ISO 10273-2003 standard (with some modifications). With regard to finishing pigs, Y. enterocolitica was detected in 11.9% of colon content samples, 3.2% of tonsils and 2.4% of lymph nodes. In piglets, Y. enterocolitica prevalence was 8.6% in colon content and 2.8% lymph nodes samples. Y. enterocolitica was not detected from carcass surface samples of both finishing pigs and piglets and from scalding water samples. Isolates were bio- and serotyped, tested for the presence of four virulence genes by PCR (ail, ystA, ystB and inv) and for antimicrobial resistance by disc-diffusion method. Among 47 confirmed isolates, 33 (70.2%) belonged to bio-serotype 4:O3, 7 (14.9%) to bio-serotype 2/O:5 and 7 (14.9%) to bio-serotype 1A. Bio-serotype 1A was detected only in isolates of piglets' samples. In bio-serotype 4/O:3 isolates the most common virulence genes were ystA (97.0%), ail (84.8%) and inv (78.8%). In bio-serotype 2/O:5, ail, inv and ystA genes were detected in all of the isolates. All bio-serotype 1A isolates were ystB positive (lacking ail, inv and ystA). All isolates were susceptible to cefotaxime, ceftazidime, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, gentamicin, nalidixic acid, sulphonamide, tetracycline and trimethoprim-sulphametoxazole. Resistances to ampicillin and cefalothin were the most common (100%), followed by amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (83.0%) and streptomycin (4.3%). Resistance to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid was detected in 57% of bio-serotype 4/O:3 isolates, 71% of bio-serotype 1A and 100% of bio-serotype 2/O:5 isolates. Two bio-serotype 4/O:3 isolates (6%) were resistant to streptomycin. Thirty-two pathogenic Y. enterocolitica isolates were tested by NotI-PFGE, which identified 5 patterns among bio-serotype 4/O:3 isolates and 2 patterns among bio-serotype 2/O:5 isolates. This study provides epidemiological data about human pathogenic Y. enterocolitica and highlight the role of pigs as a potential source of infection for the consumers in Sardinia.

Prevalence, bioserotyping and antibiotic resistance of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica detected in pigs at slaughter in Sardinia / Fois, Federica; Piras, Francesca; Torpdahl, Mia; Mazza, Roberta; Ladu, Daniela; Consolati, Simonetta G.; Spanu, Carlo; Scarano, Christian; De Santis, Enrico P. L.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0168-1605. - 283(2018), pp. 1-6. [10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2018.06.010]

Prevalence, bioserotyping and antibiotic resistance of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica detected in pigs at slaughter in Sardinia

Fois, Federica;Piras, Francesca
;
Torpdahl, Mia;Mazza, Roberta;Ladu, Daniela;Consolati, Simonetta G.;Spanu, Carlo;Scarano, Christian;De Santis, Enrico P. L.
2018

Abstract

The aims of the present study were to determine Yersinia enterocolitica prevalence in finishing pigs and piglets at slaughter and to characterize the isolates in terms of bioserotype, virulence profile, antimicrobial susceptibility and genetic diversity. During the years 2013–2014, nine pig slaughterhouses placed in Sardinia (Italy) were visited twice, in order to collect animal samples and scalding water. Overall, 609 samples respectively of tonsils (126), colon content (161), mesenteric lymph nodes (161) and carcass surfaces (161) were collected from 126 finishing pigs and 35 piglets. Moreover, 18 scalding water samples were collected. Samples were analyzed for the detection of Y. enterocolitica according to ISO 10273-2003 standard (with some modifications). With regard to finishing pigs, Y. enterocolitica was detected in 11.9% of colon content samples, 3.2% of tonsils and 2.4% of lymph nodes. In piglets, Y. enterocolitica prevalence was 8.6% in colon content and 2.8% lymph nodes samples. Y. enterocolitica was not detected from carcass surface samples of both finishing pigs and piglets and from scalding water samples. Isolates were bio- and serotyped, tested for the presence of four virulence genes by PCR (ail, ystA, ystB and inv) and for antimicrobial resistance by disc-diffusion method. Among 47 confirmed isolates, 33 (70.2%) belonged to bio-serotype 4:O3, 7 (14.9%) to bio-serotype 2/O:5 and 7 (14.9%) to bio-serotype 1A. Bio-serotype 1A was detected only in isolates of piglets' samples. In bio-serotype 4/O:3 isolates the most common virulence genes were ystA (97.0%), ail (84.8%) and inv (78.8%). In bio-serotype 2/O:5, ail, inv and ystA genes were detected in all of the isolates. All bio-serotype 1A isolates were ystB positive (lacking ail, inv and ystA). All isolates were susceptible to cefotaxime, ceftazidime, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, gentamicin, nalidixic acid, sulphonamide, tetracycline and trimethoprim-sulphametoxazole. Resistances to ampicillin and cefalothin were the most common (100%), followed by amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (83.0%) and streptomycin (4.3%). Resistance to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid was detected in 57% of bio-serotype 4/O:3 isolates, 71% of bio-serotype 1A and 100% of bio-serotype 2/O:5 isolates. Two bio-serotype 4/O:3 isolates (6%) were resistant to streptomycin. Thirty-two pathogenic Y. enterocolitica isolates were tested by NotI-PFGE, which identified 5 patterns among bio-serotype 4/O:3 isolates and 2 patterns among bio-serotype 2/O:5 isolates. This study provides epidemiological data about human pathogenic Y. enterocolitica and highlight the role of pigs as a potential source of infection for the consumers in Sardinia.
Prevalence, bioserotyping and antibiotic resistance of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica detected in pigs at slaughter in Sardinia / Fois, Federica; Piras, Francesca; Torpdahl, Mia; Mazza, Roberta; Ladu, Daniela; Consolati, Simonetta G.; Spanu, Carlo; Scarano, Christian; De Santis, Enrico P. L.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0168-1605. - 283(2018), pp. 1-6. [10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2018.06.010]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/215151
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact