The aim of the present study was to evaluate Vibrio parahaemolyticus occurrences in bivalve molluscs harvested from Sardinian coastal environments between 2013 and 2015. The prevalence of pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus isolates is based on the detection of the two major virulence genes thermostable direct hemolysin (tdh) and thermolabile hemolysin (trh) To assess changes between 2011 and 2018 in the prevalence of V. parahaemolyticus in bivalve molluscs, we compared our results with those of previous investigations. In total, 2,933 samples were collected: 1,079 in 2013, 1,288 in 2014, and 566 in 2015. The mean prevalence of V. parahaemolyticus in shellfish was 3.5% in 2013, 1.7% in 2014, and 3.5% in 2015. The highest percentage of positive samples in 2013 and 2014 was observed in clams (3.5% and 2.7%, respectively), whereas in 2015, it was reported in oysters (15.1%). By comparing the sampling period of 2011-2014 with that of 2015-2018, an increase in the prevalence of V. parahaemolyticus was observed in shellfish (p < 0.05). In parallel, 208 potentially enteropathogenic V. parahaemolyticus strains were identified through the years 2011-2018 and, in particular, 10 trh+ and six tdh+ isolates. Our present study provides information regarding trends of V. parahaemolyticus occurrences in bivalve molluscs harvested from Sardinian coastal environments between 2011 and 2018 suggesting that the prevalence varies depending on the sampling period and shellfish species.

Trend of Pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus Occurrences in Bivalve Molluscs Harvested in Sardinian Coastal Environments Between 2011 and 2018 / Tedde, G.; Lorenzoni, G.; Meloni, D.; Salza, S.; Melillo, R.; Bazzardi, R.; Cau, S.; Tedde, T.; Piras, G.; Uda, M. T.; Leoni, F.; Esposito, G.; Virgilio, S.; Mudadu, A. G.. - In: JOURNAL OF FOOD PROTECTION. - ISSN 1944-9097. - 86:10(2023). [10.1016/j.jfp.2023.100150]

Trend of Pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus Occurrences in Bivalve Molluscs Harvested in Sardinian Coastal Environments Between 2011 and 2018

Meloni D.
;
Melillo R.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate Vibrio parahaemolyticus occurrences in bivalve molluscs harvested from Sardinian coastal environments between 2013 and 2015. The prevalence of pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus isolates is based on the detection of the two major virulence genes thermostable direct hemolysin (tdh) and thermolabile hemolysin (trh) To assess changes between 2011 and 2018 in the prevalence of V. parahaemolyticus in bivalve molluscs, we compared our results with those of previous investigations. In total, 2,933 samples were collected: 1,079 in 2013, 1,288 in 2014, and 566 in 2015. The mean prevalence of V. parahaemolyticus in shellfish was 3.5% in 2013, 1.7% in 2014, and 3.5% in 2015. The highest percentage of positive samples in 2013 and 2014 was observed in clams (3.5% and 2.7%, respectively), whereas in 2015, it was reported in oysters (15.1%). By comparing the sampling period of 2011-2014 with that of 2015-2018, an increase in the prevalence of V. parahaemolyticus was observed in shellfish (p < 0.05). In parallel, 208 potentially enteropathogenic V. parahaemolyticus strains were identified through the years 2011-2018 and, in particular, 10 trh+ and six tdh+ isolates. Our present study provides information regarding trends of V. parahaemolyticus occurrences in bivalve molluscs harvested from Sardinian coastal environments between 2011 and 2018 suggesting that the prevalence varies depending on the sampling period and shellfish species.
2023
Trend of Pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus Occurrences in Bivalve Molluscs Harvested in Sardinian Coastal Environments Between 2011 and 2018 / Tedde, G.; Lorenzoni, G.; Meloni, D.; Salza, S.; Melillo, R.; Bazzardi, R.; Cau, S.; Tedde, T.; Piras, G.; Uda, M. T.; Leoni, F.; Esposito, G.; Virgilio, S.; Mudadu, A. G.. - In: JOURNAL OF FOOD PROTECTION. - ISSN 1944-9097. - 86:10(2023). [10.1016/j.jfp.2023.100150]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/334509
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