"The presence of Staphylococcus aureus in raw milk can represent a potential threat to human health, due to the. introduction of pathogenic strains into dairy food supply chain. The present study was performed to investigate. the genetic variation among S. aureus strains isolated from bulk tank goat’s milk. The virulence profiles were also. assessed to link the isolates with the potential source of milk contamination. A population study was performed. on 60 strains using distance-based methods such as pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and the output was. analyzed using Structure statistical software (University of Chicago; http:\/\/pritch.bsd.uchicago.edu\/. structure.html). This Bayesian clustering model tool allows one to assign individuals into a population with no. predefined structure. In order to assess partition of genetic variability among isolates, groups obtained by. Structure were also investigated using analysis of molecular variance. S. aureus was recovered in 60 out of 78. samples (76.9%) collected from 26 farms. According to PFGE analysis, the strains were divided into 25 different. pulsotypes and grouped into two main clusters. Restriction profiles, analyzed by Structure, allowed us to. identify two distinct S. aureus genetic groups. Within each group, the strains showed a high coefficient of. membership. A great part of genetic variability was attributable to within-groups variation. On the basis of the. virulence profile, 45% of the isolates were linked to ‘‘animal’’ biovar, while 6.7% could be assigned to ‘‘human’’. biovar. Out of 60 strains, 27 were characterized by in vitro production of either enterotoxins A (5.0%), C (38.3%),. or D (1.7%). The present study showed a high prevalence of bulk tank goat’s milk contamination with S. aureus. of animal origin. The presence in goat’s milk of S. aureus strains able to produce enterotoxins and their potential. introduction into dairy chain may represent a serious threat to human health."

Population Structure of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Bulk Tank Goat’s Milk / Spanu, Vincenzo; Scarano, Christian; Virdis, S; Melito, Sara; Spanu, Carlo; DE SANTIS, Enrico Pietro Luigi. - In: FOODBORNE PATHOGENS AND DISEASE. - ISSN 1535-3141. - 10:4(2013), pp. 310-315. [10.1089/fpd.2012.1356]

Population Structure of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Bulk Tank Goat’s Milk

SPANU, Vincenzo;SCARANO, Christian;MELITO, Sara;SPANU, Carlo;DE SANTIS, Enrico Pietro Luigi
2013

Abstract

"The presence of Staphylococcus aureus in raw milk can represent a potential threat to human health, due to the. introduction of pathogenic strains into dairy food supply chain. The present study was performed to investigate. the genetic variation among S. aureus strains isolated from bulk tank goat’s milk. The virulence profiles were also. assessed to link the isolates with the potential source of milk contamination. A population study was performed. on 60 strains using distance-based methods such as pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and the output was. analyzed using Structure statistical software (University of Chicago; http:\/\/pritch.bsd.uchicago.edu\/. structure.html). This Bayesian clustering model tool allows one to assign individuals into a population with no. predefined structure. In order to assess partition of genetic variability among isolates, groups obtained by. Structure were also investigated using analysis of molecular variance. S. aureus was recovered in 60 out of 78. samples (76.9%) collected from 26 farms. According to PFGE analysis, the strains were divided into 25 different. pulsotypes and grouped into two main clusters. Restriction profiles, analyzed by Structure, allowed us to. identify two distinct S. aureus genetic groups. Within each group, the strains showed a high coefficient of. membership. A great part of genetic variability was attributable to within-groups variation. On the basis of the. virulence profile, 45% of the isolates were linked to ‘‘animal’’ biovar, while 6.7% could be assigned to ‘‘human’’. biovar. Out of 60 strains, 27 were characterized by in vitro production of either enterotoxins A (5.0%), C (38.3%),. or D (1.7%). The present study showed a high prevalence of bulk tank goat’s milk contamination with S. aureus. of animal origin. The presence in goat’s milk of S. aureus strains able to produce enterotoxins and their potential. introduction into dairy chain may represent a serious threat to human health."
Population Structure of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Bulk Tank Goat’s Milk / Spanu, Vincenzo; Scarano, Christian; Virdis, S; Melito, Sara; Spanu, Carlo; DE SANTIS, Enrico Pietro Luigi. - In: FOODBORNE PATHOGENS AND DISEASE. - ISSN 1535-3141. - 10:4(2013), pp. 310-315. [10.1089/fpd.2012.1356]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/156558
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