Our aim was to evaluate if loading prepubertal ovine oocyte with trehalose would impact on their further developmental potential in vitro and if it would improve their survival to vitrification procedures. COCs matured in vitro with (TRH) or without (CTR) 100 mM trehalose. were tested for developmental potential after in vitro fertilization and culture. Trehalose uptake was measured by the antrone spectrophotometric assay. No differences were recorded between the two experimental groups in fertilization rates (91.1 CTR vs 92.5% TRH), cleavage rates calculated on fertilized oocytes (96.1 CTR vs 95.4% TRH), first cleavage kinetic (56.1 CTR vs 5 1% TRH), and blastocyst rates (14.3 CTR vs 13.0% TRH). Anthrone assay revealed that in TRH group trehalose concentration/oocyte was 2.6 mu M. MII oocytes were then vitrified using cryoloops in TCM 199 containing 20% FCS, sucrose 0.5 M, 16.5% Me2SO, 16.5% EG and plunged in LN2. After warming, oocytes from TRH and CTR groups were tested for membrane integrity using the propidium iodide (PI)/Hoechst differential staining, and for developmental ability after in vitro fertilization. Trehalose in maturation medium affected membrane resistance (P < 0.01) to vitrification/warming but not fertilization and cleavage rates. The differential staining showed a lower number of PI positive cells in TRH group compared to CTR one (14.3 vs 24.7%, respectively). Fertilization rates and cleavage rates did not differ between the two groups (55.3 and 41% for TRH and 47.7 and 41.7% for CTR, respectively). In conclusion trehalose in maturation medium stabilizes cell membranes during vitrification/warming of prepubertal ovine oocytes but does not affect fertilization and cleavage rates after warming. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Our aim was to evaluate if loading prepubertal ovine oocyte with trehalose would impact on their further developmental potential in vitro and if it would improve their survival to vitrification procedures. COCs matured in vitro with (TRH) or without (CTR) 100 mM trehalose were tested for developmental potential after in vitro fertilization and culture. Trehalose uptake was measured by the antrone spectrophotometric assay. No differences were recorded between the two experimental groups in fertilization rates (91.1 CTR vs 92.5% TRH), cleavage rates calculated on fertilized oocytes (96.1 CTR vs 95.4% TRH), first cleavage kinetic (56.1 CTR vs 51% TRH), and blastocyst rates (14.3 CTR vs 13.0% TRH). Anthrone assay revealed that in TRH group trehalose concentration/oocyte was 2.6 lM. MII oocytes were then vitrified using cryoloops in TCM 199 containing 20% FCS, sucrose 0.5 M, 16.5% Me2SO, 16.5% EG and plunged in LN2. After warming, oocytes from TRH and CTR groups were tested for membrane integrity using the propidium iodide (PI)/Hoechst differential staining, and for developmental ability after in vitro fertilization. Trehalose in maturation medium affected membrane resistance (P < 0.01) to vitrification/warming but not fertilization and cleavage rates. The differential staining showed a lower number of PI positive cells in TRH group compared to CTR one (14.3 vs 24.7%, respectively). Fertilization rates and cleavage rates did not differ between the two groups (55.3 and 41% for TRH and 47.7 and 41.7% for CTR, respectively). In conclusion trehalose in maturation medium stabilizes cell membranes during vitrification/warming of prepubertal ovine oocytes but does not affect fertilization and cleavage rates after warming.

The influence of trehalose on European mouflon spermatozoa cryopreservation during the non-breeding season was tested. Semen was frozen in two different extenders: (a) recommended Tris-based ram extender (CTR); (b) CTR extender supplemented with trehalose 0.147 mm (TRH). Sperm viability and acrosome integrity were assessed using propidium iodide and fluorescein isothiocynate labelled Pisum Sativum agglutinin. Trehalose significantly enhanced sperm viability after thawing compared with CTR extender (62.7% vs 51.8%; p < 0.05), whereas no differences were observed on acrosome integrity (42.9% vs 42.1%). Trehalose influence was also evidenced in the in vitro fertility test performed with sheep oocytes matured in vitro. Both fertilization rates (60.9% TRH vs 43.6% CTR; p < 0.05) and cleavage rates (58% TRH vs 39.8% CTR; p < 0.001) were higher for trehalose frozen semen compared with control extender frozen semen. A higher percentage of zygotes resulting from fertilization with trehalose cryopreserved semen presented the first cleavage earlier if compared with the group fertilized with control semen (48.7% vs 31.5%, respectively; p < 0.01). This result was confirmed by embryo kinetic development. Fertilization with trehalose cryopreserved semen leaded to an higher percentage of blastocysts (40.2% vs 27.8% CTR; p < 0.05), and enhanced in particular the number of blastocysts that developed on the day 6th of culture (28.6% vs 17% CTR; p < 0.05). Our data demonstrated that, during mouflon non-breeding season, trehalose extender enhances spermatozoa viability and its in vitro fertilizing capacity, allowing the production of an higher number of blastocysts

Effects of trehalose co-incubation on in vitro matured prepubertal ovine oocyte vitrification / Berlinguer, Fiammetta; Succu, Sara; Mossa, Francesca; Madeddu, M; Bebbere, D; Leoni, Giovanni Giuseppe; Naitana, Salvatore. - In: CRYOBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0011-2240. - 55:1(2007), pp. 27-34. [10.1016/j.cryobiol.2007.04.004]

Effects of trehalose co-incubation on in vitro matured prepubertal ovine oocyte vitrification

BERLINGUER, Fiammetta;SUCCU, Sara;MOSSA, Francesca;Bebbere D;LEONI, Giovanni Giuseppe;NAITANA, Salvatore
2007

Abstract

Our aim was to evaluate if loading prepubertal ovine oocyte with trehalose would impact on their further developmental potential in vitro and if it would improve their survival to vitrification procedures. COCs matured in vitro with (TRH) or without (CTR) 100 mM trehalose. were tested for developmental potential after in vitro fertilization and culture. Trehalose uptake was measured by the antrone spectrophotometric assay. No differences were recorded between the two experimental groups in fertilization rates (91.1 CTR vs 92.5% TRH), cleavage rates calculated on fertilized oocytes (96.1 CTR vs 95.4% TRH), first cleavage kinetic (56.1 CTR vs 5 1% TRH), and blastocyst rates (14.3 CTR vs 13.0% TRH). Anthrone assay revealed that in TRH group trehalose concentration/oocyte was 2.6 mu M. MII oocytes were then vitrified using cryoloops in TCM 199 containing 20% FCS, sucrose 0.5 M, 16.5% Me2SO, 16.5% EG and plunged in LN2. After warming, oocytes from TRH and CTR groups were tested for membrane integrity using the propidium iodide (PI)/Hoechst differential staining, and for developmental ability after in vitro fertilization. Trehalose in maturation medium affected membrane resistance (P < 0.01) to vitrification/warming but not fertilization and cleavage rates. The differential staining showed a lower number of PI positive cells in TRH group compared to CTR one (14.3 vs 24.7%, respectively). Fertilization rates and cleavage rates did not differ between the two groups (55.3 and 41% for TRH and 47.7 and 41.7% for CTR, respectively). In conclusion trehalose in maturation medium stabilizes cell membranes during vitrification/warming of prepubertal ovine oocytes but does not affect fertilization and cleavage rates after warming. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
The influence of trehalose on European mouflon spermatozoa cryopreservation during the non-breeding season was tested. Semen was frozen in two different extenders: (a) recommended Tris-based ram extender (CTR); (b) CTR extender supplemented with trehalose 0.147 mm (TRH). Sperm viability and acrosome integrity were assessed using propidium iodide and fluorescein isothiocynate labelled Pisum Sativum agglutinin. Trehalose significantly enhanced sperm viability after thawing compared with CTR extender (62.7% vs 51.8%; p < 0.05), whereas no differences were observed on acrosome integrity (42.9% vs 42.1%). Trehalose influence was also evidenced in the in vitro fertility test performed with sheep oocytes matured in vitro. Both fertilization rates (60.9% TRH vs 43.6% CTR; p < 0.05) and cleavage rates (58% TRH vs 39.8% CTR; p < 0.001) were higher for trehalose frozen semen compared with control extender frozen semen. A higher percentage of zygotes resulting from fertilization with trehalose cryopreserved semen presented the first cleavage earlier if compared with the group fertilized with control semen (48.7% vs 31.5%, respectively; p < 0.01). This result was confirmed by embryo kinetic development. Fertilization with trehalose cryopreserved semen leaded to an higher percentage of blastocysts (40.2% vs 27.8% CTR; p < 0.05), and enhanced in particular the number of blastocysts that developed on the day 6th of culture (28.6% vs 17% CTR; p < 0.05). Our data demonstrated that, during mouflon non-breeding season, trehalose extender enhances spermatozoa viability and its in vitro fertilizing capacity, allowing the production of an higher number of blastocysts
Our aim was to evaluate if loading prepubertal ovine oocyte with trehalose would impact on their further developmental potential in vitro and if it would improve their survival to vitrification procedures. COCs matured in vitro with (TRH) or without (CTR) 100 mM trehalose were tested for developmental potential after in vitro fertilization and culture. Trehalose uptake was measured by the antrone spectrophotometric assay. No differences were recorded between the two experimental groups in fertilization rates (91.1 CTR vs 92.5% TRH), cleavage rates calculated on fertilized oocytes (96.1 CTR vs 95.4% TRH), first cleavage kinetic (56.1 CTR vs 51% TRH), and blastocyst rates (14.3 CTR vs 13.0% TRH). Anthrone assay revealed that in TRH group trehalose concentration/oocyte was 2.6 lM. MII oocytes were then vitrified using cryoloops in TCM 199 containing 20% FCS, sucrose 0.5 M, 16.5% Me2SO, 16.5% EG and plunged in LN2. After warming, oocytes from TRH and CTR groups were tested for membrane integrity using the propidium iodide (PI)/Hoechst differential staining, and for developmental ability after in vitro fertilization. Trehalose in maturation medium affected membrane resistance (P < 0.01) to vitrification/warming but not fertilization and cleavage rates. The differential staining showed a lower number of PI positive cells in TRH group compared to CTR one (14.3 vs 24.7%, respectively). Fertilization rates and cleavage rates did not differ between the two groups (55.3 and 41% for TRH and 47.7 and 41.7% for CTR, respectively). In conclusion trehalose in maturation medium stabilizes cell membranes during vitrification/warming of prepubertal ovine oocytes but does not affect fertilization and cleavage rates after warming.
Effects of trehalose co-incubation on in vitro matured prepubertal ovine oocyte vitrification / Berlinguer, Fiammetta; Succu, Sara; Mossa, Francesca; Madeddu, M; Bebbere, D; Leoni, Giovanni Giuseppe; Naitana, Salvatore. - In: CRYOBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0011-2240. - 55:1(2007), pp. 27-34. [10.1016/j.cryobiol.2007.04.004]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/62758
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