In this study we investigated the ability of Fe- and Al-based water treatment residues (Fe- and Al-WTR) to accumulate Pb(II) and Cu(II) at pH 4.5. The role of the inorganic and organic fractions of WTRs in metals sorption was also assessed. Sorption isotherms showed a higher sorption of Pb(II) by both WTRs with respect to Cu(II) (e.g. 0.105 and 0.089 mmol•g-1 of Pb(II) and Cu(II) respectively sorbed by Fe-WTR). Fe-WTR revealed a stronger sorbent for both metals than Al-WTR. The amount of Pb(II) and Cu(II) sorbed by Fe-WTR was about the 69% and 63% higher than that sorbed by the Al-WTR. The organic matter of Fe- and Al-WTR contributed to about 26% and 8.5% respectively in the sorption of both metals. The sequential extraction procedure showed that the greatest amount of metals sorbed by both WTRs were tightly bound and not extractable, and this was particularly apparent for Cu(II). The FT-IR spectra indicated the formation of inner-sphere complexes between the Fe(Al)–O nucleus and Pb(II) and Cu(II). Moreover, the FT-IR spectra also suggested that the humic fraction of WTRs interacted, through the carboxylate groups, with Cu(II) and Pb(II) by forming mainly monodentate and bidentate complexes, respectively.

Copper(II) and lead(II) removal from aqueous solution by water treatment residues / Castaldi, Paola; Silvetti, Margherita; Garau, Giovanni; Demurtas, D; Deiana, Salvatore Andrea. - In: JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. - ISSN 0304-3894. - 283:(2015), pp. 140-147. [10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.09.019]

Copper(II) and lead(II) removal from aqueous solution by water treatment residues

CASTALDI, Paola
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
SILVETTI, Margherita
Formal Analysis
;
GARAU, Giovanni
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Demurtas D
Formal Analysis
;
DEIANA, Salvatore Andrea
Supervision
2015-01-01

Abstract

In this study we investigated the ability of Fe- and Al-based water treatment residues (Fe- and Al-WTR) to accumulate Pb(II) and Cu(II) at pH 4.5. The role of the inorganic and organic fractions of WTRs in metals sorption was also assessed. Sorption isotherms showed a higher sorption of Pb(II) by both WTRs with respect to Cu(II) (e.g. 0.105 and 0.089 mmol•g-1 of Pb(II) and Cu(II) respectively sorbed by Fe-WTR). Fe-WTR revealed a stronger sorbent for both metals than Al-WTR. The amount of Pb(II) and Cu(II) sorbed by Fe-WTR was about the 69% and 63% higher than that sorbed by the Al-WTR. The organic matter of Fe- and Al-WTR contributed to about 26% and 8.5% respectively in the sorption of both metals. The sequential extraction procedure showed that the greatest amount of metals sorbed by both WTRs were tightly bound and not extractable, and this was particularly apparent for Cu(II). The FT-IR spectra indicated the formation of inner-sphere complexes between the Fe(Al)–O nucleus and Pb(II) and Cu(II). Moreover, the FT-IR spectra also suggested that the humic fraction of WTRs interacted, through the carboxylate groups, with Cu(II) and Pb(II) by forming mainly monodentate and bidentate complexes, respectively.
2015
Copper(II) and lead(II) removal from aqueous solution by water treatment residues / Castaldi, Paola; Silvetti, Margherita; Garau, Giovanni; Demurtas, D; Deiana, Salvatore Andrea. - In: JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. - ISSN 0304-3894. - 283:(2015), pp. 140-147. [10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.09.019]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/60850
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