Hybridization between domestic and wild species is known to widely occur and it is reported to be one of the major causes of the current biodiversity crisis. Despite this, poor attention has been deserved to the behavioural ecology of hybrids, in particular in relation to their social behaviour. We carried out a camera trap study to assess whether phenotypically anomalous colouration in wild boar, i.e. potentially introgressed with domestic pigs, affected the hierarchical structure of wild boar social groups. Chromatically anomalous wild boars (CAWs) were detected in 32 out of 531 wild boar videos. In most videos (75%) CAWs were the latest of the group, independently from their age class and group composition. Aggressions by their wild type fellows were recorded in 31.25% videos; by contrast, no aggression among wild type individuals was observed. The lack of camouflage may expose CAWs, and thus their group, to a higher predation risk, compared to wild type groups. This individual loss of local adaptation may increase predation risk by the wolf or detection by hunters, being maladaptive for the whole social group.

How much does it cost to look like a pig in a wild boar group? / Battocchio, D.; Iacolina, L.; Canu, A.; Mori, E.. - In: BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES. - ISSN 0376-6357. - 138:(2017), pp. 123-126. [10.1016/j.beproc.2017.03.001]

How much does it cost to look like a pig in a wild boar group?

Battocchio D.;Iacolina L.;Canu A.;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Hybridization between domestic and wild species is known to widely occur and it is reported to be one of the major causes of the current biodiversity crisis. Despite this, poor attention has been deserved to the behavioural ecology of hybrids, in particular in relation to their social behaviour. We carried out a camera trap study to assess whether phenotypically anomalous colouration in wild boar, i.e. potentially introgressed with domestic pigs, affected the hierarchical structure of wild boar social groups. Chromatically anomalous wild boars (CAWs) were detected in 32 out of 531 wild boar videos. In most videos (75%) CAWs were the latest of the group, independently from their age class and group composition. Aggressions by their wild type fellows were recorded in 31.25% videos; by contrast, no aggression among wild type individuals was observed. The lack of camouflage may expose CAWs, and thus their group, to a higher predation risk, compared to wild type groups. This individual loss of local adaptation may increase predation risk by the wolf or detection by hunters, being maladaptive for the whole social group.
2017
How much does it cost to look like a pig in a wild boar group? / Battocchio, D.; Iacolina, L.; Canu, A.; Mori, E.. - In: BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES. - ISSN 0376-6357. - 138:(2017), pp. 123-126. [10.1016/j.beproc.2017.03.001]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/301810
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