Fish is one of the major food allergens which, in sensitised individuals, can cause life-threatening allergic reactions, even when present in small amounts. To protect consumers' health, the correct labeling of foods is important. The objective of the present study was to validate an in-house real-time PCR method targeting the ribosomal 18S rRNA gene as universal DNA marker for the detection of fish in foods. The specificity of the primers was assessed on 20 fish species commonly marketed in the Mediterranean basin and other species of molluscs and crustaceans and foods of animal and plant origin. The absolute detection of the method was assessed using DNA extracted from a fish mixture and the SureFood (R) QUANTARD Allergen 40 reference material. The relative amount was assessed on a fish and bechamel sauce blend. Commercial food samples either labelled with or without fish in the ingredient list, were tested for the presence of fish DNA. The primer showed high specificity against the selected fish species. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) of the in-house method were 0.5 pg/mu L and 5 pg/mu L, respectively. The relative quantification in fish and bechamel blend samples detected a concentration as low as 0.000025%, corresponding to 0.25 mg/kg of fish, indicating the suitability of the method in a food matrix. The presence of fish DNA was always detected in commercial samples in which the presence of fish was listed in the ingredient list. The method was able to detect the presence of fish DNA also in samples in which the presence of fish was indicated as traces or was not declared on the label. The proposed method was demonstrated to be a reliable, specific, and sensitive method for the detection of fish allergens in foods. Therefore, the proposed real-time PCR method could be used as a useful instrument in the verification of compliance with allergen labelling regulations.

Detection of Fish Allergens in Foods Using an In-House Real-Time PCR Targeting the Ribosomal 18S rRNA Gene / Cau, S.; Daga, C.; Spanu, C.; Soro, B.; Tedde, T.; Salza, S.; Melillo, R.; Piras, G.; Virgilio, S.; Vodret, B.; Mudadu, A. G.. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 11:22(2022), p. 3686. [10.3390/foods11223686]

Detection of Fish Allergens in Foods Using an In-House Real-Time PCR Targeting the Ribosomal 18S rRNA Gene

Spanu C.
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Fish is one of the major food allergens which, in sensitised individuals, can cause life-threatening allergic reactions, even when present in small amounts. To protect consumers' health, the correct labeling of foods is important. The objective of the present study was to validate an in-house real-time PCR method targeting the ribosomal 18S rRNA gene as universal DNA marker for the detection of fish in foods. The specificity of the primers was assessed on 20 fish species commonly marketed in the Mediterranean basin and other species of molluscs and crustaceans and foods of animal and plant origin. The absolute detection of the method was assessed using DNA extracted from a fish mixture and the SureFood (R) QUANTARD Allergen 40 reference material. The relative amount was assessed on a fish and bechamel sauce blend. Commercial food samples either labelled with or without fish in the ingredient list, were tested for the presence of fish DNA. The primer showed high specificity against the selected fish species. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) of the in-house method were 0.5 pg/mu L and 5 pg/mu L, respectively. The relative quantification in fish and bechamel blend samples detected a concentration as low as 0.000025%, corresponding to 0.25 mg/kg of fish, indicating the suitability of the method in a food matrix. The presence of fish DNA was always detected in commercial samples in which the presence of fish was listed in the ingredient list. The method was able to detect the presence of fish DNA also in samples in which the presence of fish was indicated as traces or was not declared on the label. The proposed method was demonstrated to be a reliable, specific, and sensitive method for the detection of fish allergens in foods. Therefore, the proposed real-time PCR method could be used as a useful instrument in the verification of compliance with allergen labelling regulations.
Detection of Fish Allergens in Foods Using an In-House Real-Time PCR Targeting the Ribosomal 18S rRNA Gene / Cau, S.; Daga, C.; Spanu, C.; Soro, B.; Tedde, T.; Salza, S.; Melillo, R.; Piras, G.; Virgilio, S.; Vodret, B.; Mudadu, A. G.. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 11:22(2022), p. 3686. [10.3390/foods11223686]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/299504
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