Copper (Cu) is a ubiquitous trace element in the aquatic environment, and is usually found at low levels. Copper environmental concentrations can be altered as a result anthropogenic activities. Shellfish are useful bioindicators to ensure adequate environmental monitoring. Thus, the aim of the present study was as follows: (a) determine the LC50 of copper(I) chloride in grooved carpet shell (Ruditapes decussatus) collected in the Santa Gilla lagoon (Sardinia, Italy), and (b) analyze the antioxidant biomarkers in digestive gland and gills of same specimens exposed to different concentrations of the above-mentioned metal (0.045, 0.45, and 0.90 mg/L) for 96 h. A withdrawal period of 96 h was considered for the treated clam, carrying out the same biochemical analyses, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (Se-GPx), glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), and total glutathione (GSH+2GSSG) in the two tissues. Different time and dose responses of the antioxidant biomarkers were recorded in the digestive glands and gills. Oxidative stress biomarkers highlighted the ability of Cu to induce oxidative stress in R. decussatus. Clam, following the withdrawal period of 96 h, has not been able to achieve the control levels of all biochemical markers in the digestive gland and gills. R. decussatus can be a suitable model to assess the ecotoxicity of copper in aquatic ecosystems. These findings may advance knowledge on the role and the effects of copper on oxidative stress biomarkers in grooved carpet shell. The metal ecotoxicity response can be useful to perform accurate biomarker-based monitoring programs using this bivalve species.

Ecotoxicity of Copper(I) Chloride in Grooved Carpet Shell (Ruditapes decussatus) / Esposito, Giuseppe; Pastorino, Paolo; Prearo, Marino; Magara, Gabriele; Cesarani, Alberto; Freitas, Rosa; Caldaroni, Barbara; Meloni, Domenico; Pais, Antonio; Dondo, Alessandro; Antuofermo, Elisabetta; Elia, Antonia Concetta. - In: ANTIOXIDANTS. - ISSN 2076-3921. - 11:11(2022), p. 2148. [10.3390/antiox11112148]

Ecotoxicity of Copper(I) Chloride in Grooved Carpet Shell (Ruditapes decussatus)

Esposito, Giuseppe;Cesarani, Alberto;Meloni, Domenico;Pais, Antonio;Antuofermo, Elisabetta;
2022

Abstract

Copper (Cu) is a ubiquitous trace element in the aquatic environment, and is usually found at low levels. Copper environmental concentrations can be altered as a result anthropogenic activities. Shellfish are useful bioindicators to ensure adequate environmental monitoring. Thus, the aim of the present study was as follows: (a) determine the LC50 of copper(I) chloride in grooved carpet shell (Ruditapes decussatus) collected in the Santa Gilla lagoon (Sardinia, Italy), and (b) analyze the antioxidant biomarkers in digestive gland and gills of same specimens exposed to different concentrations of the above-mentioned metal (0.045, 0.45, and 0.90 mg/L) for 96 h. A withdrawal period of 96 h was considered for the treated clam, carrying out the same biochemical analyses, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (Se-GPx), glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), and total glutathione (GSH+2GSSG) in the two tissues. Different time and dose responses of the antioxidant biomarkers were recorded in the digestive glands and gills. Oxidative stress biomarkers highlighted the ability of Cu to induce oxidative stress in R. decussatus. Clam, following the withdrawal period of 96 h, has not been able to achieve the control levels of all biochemical markers in the digestive gland and gills. R. decussatus can be a suitable model to assess the ecotoxicity of copper in aquatic ecosystems. These findings may advance knowledge on the role and the effects of copper on oxidative stress biomarkers in grooved carpet shell. The metal ecotoxicity response can be useful to perform accurate biomarker-based monitoring programs using this bivalve species.
Ecotoxicity of Copper(I) Chloride in Grooved Carpet Shell (Ruditapes decussatus) / Esposito, Giuseppe; Pastorino, Paolo; Prearo, Marino; Magara, Gabriele; Cesarani, Alberto; Freitas, Rosa; Caldaroni, Barbara; Meloni, Domenico; Pais, Antonio; Dondo, Alessandro; Antuofermo, Elisabetta; Elia, Antonia Concetta. - In: ANTIOXIDANTS. - ISSN 2076-3921. - 11:11(2022), p. 2148. [10.3390/antiox11112148]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/297747
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