Monitoring surveys of Phytophthora related diseases in four forest nurseries in Italy revealed the occurrence of fourteen Phytophthora species to be associated with collar and root rot on fourteen plants typical of Mediterranean and alpine regions. In addition, a multilocus phylogeny analysis based on nuclear ITS and ß-tubulin and mitochondrial cox1 sequences, as well as micromorphological features, supported the description of a new species belonging to the phylogenetic clade 7c, Phytophthora mediterranea sp. nov. Phytophthora mediterranea was shown to be associated with collar and root rot symptoms on myrtle seedlings. Phylogenetically, P. mediterranea is closely related to P. cinnamomi but the two species differ in 87 nucleotides in the three studied DNA regions. Morphologically P. mediterranea can be easily distinguished from P. cinnamomi on the basis of its smaller sporangia, colony growth pattern and higher optimum and maximum temperature values. Data from the pathogenicity test showed that P. mediterranea has the potential to threaten the native Mediterranean maquis vegetation. Finally, the discovery of P. cinnamomi in alpine nurseries, confirms the progressive expansion of this species towards cold environments, probably driven by climate change.

Phytophthora mediterranea sp. Nov., a new species closely related to phytophthora cinnamomi from nursery plants of myrtus communis in Italy / Bregant, C.; Mulas, A. A.; Rossetto, G.; Deidda, A.; Maddau, L.; Piras, G.; Linaldeddu, B. T.. - In: FORESTS. - ISSN 1999-4907. - 12:6(2021), p. 683. [10.3390/f12060683]

Phytophthora mediterranea sp. Nov., a new species closely related to phytophthora cinnamomi from nursery plants of myrtus communis in Italy

Maddau L.;Linaldeddu B. T.
2021

Abstract

Monitoring surveys of Phytophthora related diseases in four forest nurseries in Italy revealed the occurrence of fourteen Phytophthora species to be associated with collar and root rot on fourteen plants typical of Mediterranean and alpine regions. In addition, a multilocus phylogeny analysis based on nuclear ITS and ß-tubulin and mitochondrial cox1 sequences, as well as micromorphological features, supported the description of a new species belonging to the phylogenetic clade 7c, Phytophthora mediterranea sp. nov. Phytophthora mediterranea was shown to be associated with collar and root rot symptoms on myrtle seedlings. Phylogenetically, P. mediterranea is closely related to P. cinnamomi but the two species differ in 87 nucleotides in the three studied DNA regions. Morphologically P. mediterranea can be easily distinguished from P. cinnamomi on the basis of its smaller sporangia, colony growth pattern and higher optimum and maximum temperature values. Data from the pathogenicity test showed that P. mediterranea has the potential to threaten the native Mediterranean maquis vegetation. Finally, the discovery of P. cinnamomi in alpine nurseries, confirms the progressive expansion of this species towards cold environments, probably driven by climate change.
Phytophthora mediterranea sp. Nov., a new species closely related to phytophthora cinnamomi from nursery plants of myrtus communis in Italy / Bregant, C.; Mulas, A. A.; Rossetto, G.; Deidda, A.; Maddau, L.; Piras, G.; Linaldeddu, B. T.. - In: FORESTS. - ISSN 1999-4907. - 12:6(2021), p. 683. [10.3390/f12060683]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/256175
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