In the present study, we investigated the presence, seasonal distribution, and biomolecular characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus in samples of bivalve mollusks (Mytilus galloprovincialis, Crassostrea gigas, and Ruditapes decussatus) harvested and marketed in Sardinia (Italy) between 2017 and 2018. A total of 435 samples were submitted for qualitative determination of Vibrio spp., V. parahaemolyticus, and V. vulnificus. Potentially enteropathogenic isolates were detected with biomolecular methods. The overall prevalence of Vibrio spp. was 7.6%. The highest Vibrio prevalence was found in R. decussatus (8.3%). The prevalences of V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus were 2.7 and 4.8%, respectively. Higher prevalences of V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus were found in R. decussatus (4.2%) and C. gigas (6.2%), respectively. Only two pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus strains were recovered (genotypes: tdh+ and trh+; tdh+ and trh+), both from M. galloprovincialis. None of the isolates were tdh+ and trh+. Pathogenic Vibrio infections are often underestimated, and human infections are increasing in Europe. European data on the true distribution of Vibrionaceae are scarce, and the results of the present study highlight the need of constant monitoring to update the distribution of pathogenic vibrios.

Presence, seasonal distribution, and biomolecular characterization of vibrio parahaemolyticus and vibrio vulnificus in shellfish harvested and marketed in Sardinia (Italy) between 2017 and 2018 / Lorenzoni, G.; Tedde, G.; Mara, L.; Bazzoni, A. M.; Esposito, G.; Salza, S.; Piras, G.; Tedde, T.; Bazzardi, R.; Arras, I.; Uda, M. T.; Virgilio, S.; Meloni, D.; Mudadu, A. G.. - In: JOURNAL OF FOOD PROTECTION. - ISSN 0362-028X. - 84:9(2021), pp. 1549-1554. [10.4315/JFP-21-059]

Presence, seasonal distribution, and biomolecular characterization of vibrio parahaemolyticus and vibrio vulnificus in shellfish harvested and marketed in Sardinia (Italy) between 2017 and 2018

Lorenzoni G.;Esposito G.;Virgilio S.;Meloni D.;
2021

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the presence, seasonal distribution, and biomolecular characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus in samples of bivalve mollusks (Mytilus galloprovincialis, Crassostrea gigas, and Ruditapes decussatus) harvested and marketed in Sardinia (Italy) between 2017 and 2018. A total of 435 samples were submitted for qualitative determination of Vibrio spp., V. parahaemolyticus, and V. vulnificus. Potentially enteropathogenic isolates were detected with biomolecular methods. The overall prevalence of Vibrio spp. was 7.6%. The highest Vibrio prevalence was found in R. decussatus (8.3%). The prevalences of V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus were 2.7 and 4.8%, respectively. Higher prevalences of V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus were found in R. decussatus (4.2%) and C. gigas (6.2%), respectively. Only two pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus strains were recovered (genotypes: tdh+ and trh+; tdh+ and trh+), both from M. galloprovincialis. None of the isolates were tdh+ and trh+. Pathogenic Vibrio infections are often underestimated, and human infections are increasing in Europe. European data on the true distribution of Vibrionaceae are scarce, and the results of the present study highlight the need of constant monitoring to update the distribution of pathogenic vibrios.
Presence, seasonal distribution, and biomolecular characterization of vibrio parahaemolyticus and vibrio vulnificus in shellfish harvested and marketed in Sardinia (Italy) between 2017 and 2018 / Lorenzoni, G.; Tedde, G.; Mara, L.; Bazzoni, A. M.; Esposito, G.; Salza, S.; Piras, G.; Tedde, T.; Bazzardi, R.; Arras, I.; Uda, M. T.; Virgilio, S.; Meloni, D.; Mudadu, A. G.. - In: JOURNAL OF FOOD PROTECTION. - ISSN 0362-028X. - 84:9(2021), pp. 1549-1554. [10.4315/JFP-21-059]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/253403
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