Achieving sterilization by adopting proper practices is essential to ensure that surgical instruments do not transmit microorganisms to patients. As the effectiveness of sterilization mandates effective cleaning, it is necessary to verify the success of cleaning procedures. In this study, we used the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) bioluminescence method for assessing the efficacy of the manual cleaning procedure during the reprocessing of reusable surgical instruments. The ATP bioluminescence assay was performed on 140 surgical instruments of 12 different types, both before being cleaned (baseline) and after each of the cleaning procedures (i.e., decontamination, manual washing, drying, and visual inspection). For each instrument, two swabs were used as follows: one to sample the entire surface (test point 1) and the other to sample the most difficult part of the surface to clean (test point 2). Overall, for each type of instrument, there was a decrease in contamination ranging from 99.6 to >99.9% (log reduction from 2.40 to 3.76). Thus, in order to standardize the assessment of cleanliness, it may be useful to introduce the bioluminescence method into the daily routine or, at least, at regular time intervals as a complementary check combined with visual inspection. This would allow real-time verification of the achievement of an adequate level of cleanliness.

ATP Bioluminescence for Assessing the Efficacy of the Manual Cleaning Procedure during the Reprocessing of Reusable Surgical Instruments / Masia, Maria Dolores; Dettori, Marco; Deriu, Grazia Maria; Bellu, Sabina; Arcadu, Lisa; Azara, Antonio; Piana, Andrea; Palmieri, Alessandra; Arghittu, Antonella; Castiglia, Paolo. - In: HEALTHCARE. - ISSN 2227-9032. - 9:3(2021), p. 352. [10.3390/healthcare9030352]

ATP Bioluminescence for Assessing the Efficacy of the Manual Cleaning Procedure during the Reprocessing of Reusable Surgical Instruments

Masia, Maria Dolores;Dettori, Marco
;
Deriu, Grazia Maria;Bellu, Sabina;Azara, Antonio;Piana, Andrea;Palmieri, Alessandra;Arghittu, Antonella;Castiglia, Paolo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Achieving sterilization by adopting proper practices is essential to ensure that surgical instruments do not transmit microorganisms to patients. As the effectiveness of sterilization mandates effective cleaning, it is necessary to verify the success of cleaning procedures. In this study, we used the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) bioluminescence method for assessing the efficacy of the manual cleaning procedure during the reprocessing of reusable surgical instruments. The ATP bioluminescence assay was performed on 140 surgical instruments of 12 different types, both before being cleaned (baseline) and after each of the cleaning procedures (i.e., decontamination, manual washing, drying, and visual inspection). For each instrument, two swabs were used as follows: one to sample the entire surface (test point 1) and the other to sample the most difficult part of the surface to clean (test point 2). Overall, for each type of instrument, there was a decrease in contamination ranging from 99.6 to >99.9% (log reduction from 2.40 to 3.76). Thus, in order to standardize the assessment of cleanliness, it may be useful to introduce the bioluminescence method into the daily routine or, at least, at regular time intervals as a complementary check combined with visual inspection. This would allow real-time verification of the achievement of an adequate level of cleanliness.
2021
ATP Bioluminescence for Assessing the Efficacy of the Manual Cleaning Procedure during the Reprocessing of Reusable Surgical Instruments / Masia, Maria Dolores; Dettori, Marco; Deriu, Grazia Maria; Bellu, Sabina; Arcadu, Lisa; Azara, Antonio; Piana, Andrea; Palmieri, Alessandra; Arghittu, Antonella; Castiglia, Paolo. - In: HEALTHCARE. - ISSN 2227-9032. - 9:3(2021), p. 352. [10.3390/healthcare9030352]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/246154
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