Study Objective: To evaluate the clinical presentation and surgical outcome in patients with deep lateral pelvic endometriosis (dLPE). Design: A retrospective multicentric study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). Setting: University tertiary referral centers. Patients: One hundred forty-eight women with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). Interventions: Laparoscopic excision of DIE. Disease distribution was classified as follows: central pelvic endometriosis (CPE) when DIE involved 1 of the following anatomic sites: cervix, vagina, uterosacral ligaments, rectum, bladder, or pelvic peritoneum; superficial lateral pelvic endometriosis when parametria, ureters, or hypogastric plexus were involved; and dLPE in the presence of sacral plexus and/or sciatic nerve infiltration. Measurements and Main Results: All patients showed CPE. LPE was detected in 116 cases (78.4%); among these, we observed dLPE in 41 patients (35.3%). dLPE occurred in 40% of women with CPE and in 72.7% of patients with hypogastric plexus involvement. Thirty women with dLPE (73.2%) received gastrointestinal or urologic resection in addition to gynecologic procedures compared with 40 patients (57.1%) without dLPE (p =.001). No differences were observed in terms of perioperative complications according to the presence of dLPE. According to univariate/multivariate analysis, chronic pelvic pain was the only predictor of dLPE (odds ratio = 3.041, p =.003). The median preoperative visual analog scale for dysmenorrhea (median = 8, range, 0–10) and dyspareunia (median = 5; range, 0–10) dropped to 0 after surgery. The median follow-up was 36 months (range, 6–66 months) with a recurrence rate of 8.8%. Conclusions: dLPE is not a rare event in women with DIE. Complete laparoscopic removal of endometriosis seems to ensure benefit in terms of recurrence rate without increased surgical morbidities.
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|Titolo:||Laparoscopic Neuronavigation for Deep Lateral Pelvic Endometriosis: Clinical and Surgical Implications|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|