Genistein (GEN) is a soy-derived isoflavone that exhibits several biological effects, such as neuroprotective activity and the prevention of several types of cancer and cardiovascular disease. However, due to its poor water solubility and the extensive first-pass metabolism, the oral bioavailability of GEN is limited. In this work, solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) were developed to preferentially reach the intestinal lymphatic vessels, avoiding the first-pass metabolism of GEN. GEN-loaded SLN were obtained by a hot homogenization process, and the formulation parameters were chosen based on already formulated studies. The nanoparticles were characterized, and the preliminary in vitro chylomicron formation was evaluated. The cell uptake of selected nanocarriers was studied on the Caco-2 cell line and intestinal mucosa. The SLN, characterized by a spherical shape, showed an average diameter (about 280 nm) suitable for an intestinal lymphatic uptake, good stability during the testing time, and high drug loading capacity. Furthermore, the intestinal mucosa and Caco-2 cells were found to uptake SLN. The approximately two-fold increase in particle size suggested a possible interaction between SLN and the lipid components of chylomicrons like phospholipid; therefore, the results may support the potential for these SLN to improve oral GEN bioavailability via intestinal lymphatic absorption.

Transmucosal Solid Lipid Nanoparticles to Improve Genistein Absorption Via Intestinal Lymphatic Transport / Obinu, Antonella; Burrai, Giovanni Pietro; Cavalli, Roberta; Galleri, Grazia; Migheli, Rossana; Antuofermo, Elisabetta; Rassu, Giovanna; Gavini, Elisabetta; Giunchedi, Paolo. - In: PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 1999-4923. - 13:2(2021), pp. 1-17. [10.3390/pharmaceutics13020267]

Transmucosal Solid Lipid Nanoparticles to Improve Genistein Absorption Via Intestinal Lymphatic Transport

Obinu, Antonella;Burrai, Giovanni Pietro;Galleri, Grazia;Migheli, Rossana;Antuofermo, Elisabetta;Rassu, Giovanna;Gavini, Elisabetta
;
Giunchedi, Paolo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Genistein (GEN) is a soy-derived isoflavone that exhibits several biological effects, such as neuroprotective activity and the prevention of several types of cancer and cardiovascular disease. However, due to its poor water solubility and the extensive first-pass metabolism, the oral bioavailability of GEN is limited. In this work, solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) were developed to preferentially reach the intestinal lymphatic vessels, avoiding the first-pass metabolism of GEN. GEN-loaded SLN were obtained by a hot homogenization process, and the formulation parameters were chosen based on already formulated studies. The nanoparticles were characterized, and the preliminary in vitro chylomicron formation was evaluated. The cell uptake of selected nanocarriers was studied on the Caco-2 cell line and intestinal mucosa. The SLN, characterized by a spherical shape, showed an average diameter (about 280 nm) suitable for an intestinal lymphatic uptake, good stability during the testing time, and high drug loading capacity. Furthermore, the intestinal mucosa and Caco-2 cells were found to uptake SLN. The approximately two-fold increase in particle size suggested a possible interaction between SLN and the lipid components of chylomicrons like phospholipid; therefore, the results may support the potential for these SLN to improve oral GEN bioavailability via intestinal lymphatic absorption.
2021
Transmucosal Solid Lipid Nanoparticles to Improve Genistein Absorption Via Intestinal Lymphatic Transport / Obinu, Antonella; Burrai, Giovanni Pietro; Cavalli, Roberta; Galleri, Grazia; Migheli, Rossana; Antuofermo, Elisabetta; Rassu, Giovanna; Gavini, Elisabetta; Giunchedi, Paolo. - In: PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 1999-4923. - 13:2(2021), pp. 1-17. [10.3390/pharmaceutics13020267]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/242588
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