Mitochondria play a key role for deciding fate of cells and thus are considered an attractive target for pharmacological interventions focused on containment of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Notably, the activation of mitochondrial potassium (mitoK) channels produces a mild depolarization of mitochondrial membrane, that contributes to reduce the driving force to calcium uptake and prevents the formation of mitochondrial transition membrane pore (MPTP); these events underlie anti-ischemic cardioprotection. However, an ideal mitoK channel opener should possess the fundamental requirement to be delivered at mitochondrial level; therefore, to improve the mitochondrial delivery of a previously characterized spirocyclic benzopyrane F81, new compounds have been developed. The three original triphenylphosphonium (TPP+)-derivatives of F81 (1–3), were evaluated for their cardioprotective activity on both isolated cardiac mitochondria and cardiac H9c2 cell line. Compound 1 was further investigated in an in vivo infarct model. This work confirms that the TPP+ strategy applied to mitoKATP openers could foster mitochondrial delivery and enhance the cardioprotective effects of mitochondrial activators of potassium channels.
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|Titolo:||Synthesis and pharmacological characterization of mitochondrial KATP channel openers with enhanced mitochondriotropic effects|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|