Softwood-derived biochar (5% w/w) was added to two mining soils (S1 and S2) contaminated with Cd (4.8–74 mg kg−1), Pb (318–1899 mg kg−1) and Zn (622–3803 mg kg−1), to evaluate its immobilization capabilities towards such potentially toxic elements (PTEs). Biochar addition (S + B) increased soil pH, organic carbon content, extractable phosphorous and calcium. Sequential extractions showed that biochar reduced the labile pools of PTEs (e.g. −29, 55 and 79% of water-soluble and exchangeable Cd, Zn and Pb respectively in S1 + B compared to S1) and at the same time increased their most stable and less mobile fractions. Leaching experiments revealed a significant decrease of DOC, N-NO3−, P and PTEs in biochar-treated soils, and an increase of leached K. Kinetic equations derived from leaching data showed that PTEs in control soils were quickly mobilized, while those in biochar-treated soils needed longer time to leachate. In vitro tests showed that biochar was effective at reducing the bioaccessibility of Cd and Pb in the gastric phase of S2 and that of Zn and Pb in the intestinal phase of S1. The results obtained showed that biochar could be used as alternative amendment for the recovery of PTEs-contaminated soils.
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|Titolo:||Addition of softwood biochar to contaminated soils decreases the mobility, leachability and bioaccesibility of potentially toxic elements|
GARAU, Giovanni (Corresponding)
CASTALDI, Paola (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|