Gioddu, also known as “Miciuratu”, “Mezzoraddu” or “Latte ischidu” (literally meaning acidulous milk), is the sole variety of traditional Italian fermented milk. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the microbiota and the mycobiota occurring in artisan Gioddu sampled from three Sardinian producers by combining the results of viable counting on selective culture media and high-throughput sequencing. Physico-chemical parameters were also measured. The overall low pH values (3.80–4.22) recorded in the analyzed Gioddu samples attested the strong acidifying activity carried out by lactic acid bacteria during fermentation. Viable counts revealed the presence of presumptive lactococci, presumptive lactobacilli and non-Saccharomyces yeasts. A complex (kefir-like) microbiota of bacteria and yeasts was unveiled through sequencing. In more detail, Lactobacillus delbrueckii was found to dominate in Gioddu together with Streptococcus thermophilus, thus suggesting the establishment of a yogurt-like protocooperation. Unexpectedly, in all the three analyzed batches from two out of the three producers Lactobacillus kefiri was also detected, thus representing an absolute novelty, which suggests the presence of bioactive compounds (e.g. exopolysaccharides) similar to those characterizing milk kefir beverage. Mycobiota population, studied for the very first time in Gioddu, revealed a more complex composition, with Kluyveromyces marxianus, Galactomyces candidum and Geotrichum galactomyces constituting the core species. Further research is needed to disclose the eventual occurence in Gioddu of probiotic cultures and bioactive compounds (e.g. exopolysaccharides, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory peptides and antimicrobial compounds) with potential health-benefits for the consumers.
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|Titolo:||Microbiological characterization of Gioddu, an Italian fermented milk|
MANGIA, Nicoletta Pasqualina (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|