Enteric fever is a foodborne infectious disease caused by Salmonella enterica serotypes Typhi and Paratyphi A, B and C. The high incidence in low income countries can increase the risk of disease in travelers coming from high income countries. Pre-travel health advice on hygiene and sanitation practices and vaccines can significantly reduce the risk of acquiring infections. Although the majority of the cases are self-limiting, life-threatening complications can occur. Delayed diagnosis and cases of infections caused by multi-drug resistant strains can complicate the clinical management and affect the prognosis. More international efforts are needed to reduce the burden of disease in low income countries, indirectly reducing the risk of travelers in endemic settings. Surveillance activities can help monitor the epidemiology of cases caused by drug-susceptible and resistant strains.

Travel-Related Typhoid Fever: Narrative Review of the Scientific Literature / Muresu, Narcisa; Sotgiu, Giovanni; Are, Bianca Maria; Cossu, Andrea; Cocuzza, Clementina; Martinelli, Marianna; Babudieri, Sergio; Are, Riccardo; Dettori, Marco; Azara, Antonio; Saderi, Laura; Piana, Andrea. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - 17:2(2020), p. 615. [10.3390/ijerph17020615]

Travel-Related Typhoid Fever: Narrative Review of the Scientific Literature

Muresu, Narcisa;Sotgiu, Giovanni;Cossu, Andrea;Babudieri, Sergio;Dettori, Marco;Azara, Antonio;Saderi, Laura;Piana, Andrea
2020-01-01

Abstract

Enteric fever is a foodborne infectious disease caused by Salmonella enterica serotypes Typhi and Paratyphi A, B and C. The high incidence in low income countries can increase the risk of disease in travelers coming from high income countries. Pre-travel health advice on hygiene and sanitation practices and vaccines can significantly reduce the risk of acquiring infections. Although the majority of the cases are self-limiting, life-threatening complications can occur. Delayed diagnosis and cases of infections caused by multi-drug resistant strains can complicate the clinical management and affect the prognosis. More international efforts are needed to reduce the burden of disease in low income countries, indirectly reducing the risk of travelers in endemic settings. Surveillance activities can help monitor the epidemiology of cases caused by drug-susceptible and resistant strains.
2020
Travel-Related Typhoid Fever: Narrative Review of the Scientific Literature / Muresu, Narcisa; Sotgiu, Giovanni; Are, Bianca Maria; Cossu, Andrea; Cocuzza, Clementina; Martinelli, Marianna; Babudieri, Sergio; Are, Riccardo; Dettori, Marco; Azara, Antonio; Saderi, Laura; Piana, Andrea. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - 17:2(2020), p. 615. [10.3390/ijerph17020615]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/231643
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