In order to contribute to the elucidation of the biological role of carotenoids, the cellular response to hydrogen peroxide was analyzed in the red yeast R. mucilaginosa. For that, the wild strain C2.5t1, that produces beta-carotene, torulene, and torularhodin, and the albino mutant 200A6 that is incapable of producing detectable amounts of these carotenoids, were grown in the presence of increasing concentrations of hydrogen peroxide. In spite of the difference in carotenoid content, the two strains presented comparable resistance to the pro-oxidant that showed a minimum inhibitory concentration of 6 mM. When subject to 1 h treatment with 16 mM hydrogen peroxide the two strains increased catalase but not superoxide activity, suggesting that catalase plays a major role in cell protection in both the wild strain and the albino mutant. Moreover, C2.5t1 reduced its carotenoid content by about 40% upon hydrogen peroxide treatment. This reduction in carotenoids was in agreement with a significant decrease of the transcript levels of genes involved in carotenoid biosynthesis. Since an excess of beta-carotene may enhance reactive oxygen species toxicity, these results suggest that C2.5t1 modulates carotenoid content to counteract the pro-oxidant effect of hydrogen peroxide.
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|Titolo:||Rhodotorula Mucilaginosa C2.5t1 Modulates Carotenoid Content and CAR Genes Transcript Levels to Counteract the Pro-Oxidant Effect of Hydrogen Peroxide|
MANNAZZU, Ilaria Maria (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|