Early identification of systolic dysfunction in dogs with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) potentially could improve the outcome and decrease mortality. Objective: To compare 2-dimensional speckle tracking (2D-STE) with 2-dimensional (2D) and M-mode echocardiography in the evaluation of systolic function in SIRS dogs. Animals: Seventeen SIRS and 17 healthy dogs. Methods: Prospective observational case-control study. Each dog underwent physical examination, conventional echocardiography, 2D-STE, and C-reactive protein measurement. Results: Dogs with SIRS had lower 2D-STE ejection fraction (X4D-EF; 44 ± 8 versus 53 ± 8; P =.003), endocardial global longitudinal strain (ENDO-G-Long-St; −14.6 ± 3.2 versus −18.5 ± 4.1; P =.003), and normalized left ventricular diameter in diastole (1.38 ± 0.25 versus 1.54 ± 0.17; P =.04) and systole (0.85 ± 0.18 versus 0.97 ± 0.11; P =.03) as compared to healthy dogs. Simpson method of disks (SMOD) right parasternal EF (55 ± 9 versus 60 ± 6; P =.07) and end systolic volume index (ESVI; 23 ± 10 versus 21 ± 6; P =.61), SMOD left apical EF (59 ± 9 versus 59 ± 6; P =.87) and ESVI (20 ± 8 versus 22 ± 6; P =.25), fractional shortening (FS; 34 ± 5 versus 33 ± 4; P =.39), M-mode EF (64 ± 7 versus 62 ± 5; P =.35), and ESVI (23 ± 11 versus 30 ± 9; P =.06) were not significantly different between SIRS and control group, respectively. Conclusion and Clinical Importance: Speckle tracking X4D-EF and ENDO-G-Long-St are more sensitive than 2D and M-Mode FS, EF, and ESVI in detecting systolic impairment in dogs with SIRS. © 2019 The Authors. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.

Use of 2-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography to assess left ventricular systolic function in dogs with systemic inflammatory response syndrome / Corda, Andrea; PINNA PARPAGLIA, Maria Luisa; Sotgiu, Giovanni; Zobba, Rosanna; Gomez Ochoa, Pablo; Prieto Ramos, Jorge; French, Anne. - In: JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1939-1676. - 33:2(2019), pp. 423-431. [10.1111/jvim.15438]

Use of 2-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography to assess left ventricular systolic function in dogs with systemic inflammatory response syndrome

Andrea, Corda;Maria Luisa, Pinna Parpaglia;Giovanni, Sotgiu;Rosanna, Zobba;
2019

Abstract

Early identification of systolic dysfunction in dogs with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) potentially could improve the outcome and decrease mortality. Objective: To compare 2-dimensional speckle tracking (2D-STE) with 2-dimensional (2D) and M-mode echocardiography in the evaluation of systolic function in SIRS dogs. Animals: Seventeen SIRS and 17 healthy dogs. Methods: Prospective observational case-control study. Each dog underwent physical examination, conventional echocardiography, 2D-STE, and C-reactive protein measurement. Results: Dogs with SIRS had lower 2D-STE ejection fraction (X4D-EF; 44 ± 8 versus 53 ± 8; P =.003), endocardial global longitudinal strain (ENDO-G-Long-St; −14.6 ± 3.2 versus −18.5 ± 4.1; P =.003), and normalized left ventricular diameter in diastole (1.38 ± 0.25 versus 1.54 ± 0.17; P =.04) and systole (0.85 ± 0.18 versus 0.97 ± 0.11; P =.03) as compared to healthy dogs. Simpson method of disks (SMOD) right parasternal EF (55 ± 9 versus 60 ± 6; P =.07) and end systolic volume index (ESVI; 23 ± 10 versus 21 ± 6; P =.61), SMOD left apical EF (59 ± 9 versus 59 ± 6; P =.87) and ESVI (20 ± 8 versus 22 ± 6; P =.25), fractional shortening (FS; 34 ± 5 versus 33 ± 4; P =.39), M-mode EF (64 ± 7 versus 62 ± 5; P =.35), and ESVI (23 ± 11 versus 30 ± 9; P =.06) were not significantly different between SIRS and control group, respectively. Conclusion and Clinical Importance: Speckle tracking X4D-EF and ENDO-G-Long-St are more sensitive than 2D and M-Mode FS, EF, and ESVI in detecting systolic impairment in dogs with SIRS. © 2019 The Authors. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.
Use of 2-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography to assess left ventricular systolic function in dogs with systemic inflammatory response syndrome / Corda, Andrea; PINNA PARPAGLIA, Maria Luisa; Sotgiu, Giovanni; Zobba, Rosanna; Gomez Ochoa, Pablo; Prieto Ramos, Jorge; French, Anne. - In: JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1939-1676. - 33:2(2019), pp. 423-431. [10.1111/jvim.15438]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/219496
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