Background: Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) are able to store and release oxygen, conferring them scavenger activity against oxidative stress. However, their effects in reproductive systems are not yet well understood. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of exposure of refrigerated ram semen to CeO2 NPs for 96 h on the main structural and kinematic parameters of spermatozoa. Methods: The ejaculates of 5 Sarda rams were collected, pooled and diluted in a soybean lecithin extender. Samples were exposed to increasing doses of CeO2 NPs (0, 44 and 220 μg/mL) and stored at 4 °C for 96 h. Analyses of kinematic parameters (computer assisted sperm analysis, CASA), integrity of membranes (PI/PSA staining), ROS production (H2DCFDA staining) and DNA damage (sperm chromatin structure assay with acridine orange, SCSA) were performed every 24 h (0, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h of incubation). The experiment was carried out in 6 replicates. Data were analysed by repeated measures ANOVA with Bonferroni’s as post hoc test. When the assumption of normality was not met (ROS), non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis rank test was carried out. Results: Exposure of ram spermatozoa to increasing doses of CeO2 NPs had a beneficial effect on the main motility parameters from 48 h of incubation onward. Velocity of sperm cells was enhanced in the groups exposed to CeO2 NPs compared to the control. Incubation with NPs had beneficial effects on the integrity of plasma membranes of spermatozoa, with higher percentage of damaged cells in the control group compared to the exposed ones. Production of ROS was not affected by exposure to NPs and its levels rose at 96 h of incubation. The integrity of DNA remained stable throughout the 96 h of storage regardless of co-incubation with NPs. Conclusions: We reported beneficial effects of CeO2 NPs on kinematic and morphologic parameters of ram semen, such as motility and membrane integrity following 96 h of exposure. Furthermore, we also proved no genotoxic effects of CeO2 NPs. These effects could not be related to an antioxidant activity of CeO2 NPs, since ROS levels in exposed cells were similar to those of unexposed ones.

Effect of exposure to CeO2 nanoparticles on ram spermatozoa during storage at 4 °C for 96 hours / Falchi, Laura; Galleri, Grazia; Dore, Gian Mario; Zedda, Maria Teresa; Pau, Salvatore; Bogliolo, Luisa; Ariu, Federica; Pinna, Alessandra; Nieddu, Stefano; Innocenzi, Plinio; Ledda, Sergio. - In: REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY AND ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 1477-7827. - 16:1(2018), p. 19. [10.1186/s12958-018-0339-9]

Effect of exposure to CeO2 nanoparticles on ram spermatozoa during storage at 4 °C for 96 hours

Falchi, Laura
;
Galleri, Grazia;Zedda, Maria Teresa;Pau, Salvatore;Bogliolo, Luisa;Ariu, Federica;Nieddu, Stefano;Innocenzi, Plinio;Ledda, Sergio
2018-01-01

Abstract

Background: Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) are able to store and release oxygen, conferring them scavenger activity against oxidative stress. However, their effects in reproductive systems are not yet well understood. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of exposure of refrigerated ram semen to CeO2 NPs for 96 h on the main structural and kinematic parameters of spermatozoa. Methods: The ejaculates of 5 Sarda rams were collected, pooled and diluted in a soybean lecithin extender. Samples were exposed to increasing doses of CeO2 NPs (0, 44 and 220 μg/mL) and stored at 4 °C for 96 h. Analyses of kinematic parameters (computer assisted sperm analysis, CASA), integrity of membranes (PI/PSA staining), ROS production (H2DCFDA staining) and DNA damage (sperm chromatin structure assay with acridine orange, SCSA) were performed every 24 h (0, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h of incubation). The experiment was carried out in 6 replicates. Data were analysed by repeated measures ANOVA with Bonferroni’s as post hoc test. When the assumption of normality was not met (ROS), non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis rank test was carried out. Results: Exposure of ram spermatozoa to increasing doses of CeO2 NPs had a beneficial effect on the main motility parameters from 48 h of incubation onward. Velocity of sperm cells was enhanced in the groups exposed to CeO2 NPs compared to the control. Incubation with NPs had beneficial effects on the integrity of plasma membranes of spermatozoa, with higher percentage of damaged cells in the control group compared to the exposed ones. Production of ROS was not affected by exposure to NPs and its levels rose at 96 h of incubation. The integrity of DNA remained stable throughout the 96 h of storage regardless of co-incubation with NPs. Conclusions: We reported beneficial effects of CeO2 NPs on kinematic and morphologic parameters of ram semen, such as motility and membrane integrity following 96 h of exposure. Furthermore, we also proved no genotoxic effects of CeO2 NPs. These effects could not be related to an antioxidant activity of CeO2 NPs, since ROS levels in exposed cells were similar to those of unexposed ones.
2018
Effect of exposure to CeO2 nanoparticles on ram spermatozoa during storage at 4 °C for 96 hours / Falchi, Laura; Galleri, Grazia; Dore, Gian Mario; Zedda, Maria Teresa; Pau, Salvatore; Bogliolo, Luisa; Ariu, Federica; Pinna, Alessandra; Nieddu, Stefano; Innocenzi, Plinio; Ledda, Sergio. - In: REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY AND ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 1477-7827. - 16:1(2018), p. 19. [10.1186/s12958-018-0339-9]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/203443
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