Accurate diagnosis of animal and zoonotic diseases, such as granulocytic anaplasmosis, is crucial to estimate risk during control programs. In this study, 16S rRNA nested PCR and RFLP assay were combined to investigate the presence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum and genetically related strains (namely A. phagocytophilum-like 1 and 2) in 936 Tunisian ruminants. By using this method, A. phagocytophilum was not detected in any of the tested animals, while A. phagocytophilum-like 1 and A. phagocytophilum-like 2 were detected at variable prevalence rates in sheep, goats and cattle at coinfection rates respectively of 3.9, 2.5 and 0.5%. Sequence analysis validated RFLP data, and confirmed the co-occurrence of two potentially novel species closely related to A. phagocytophilum in Tunisian ruminants. Phylogeny indicated the presence of genetic variants shared by different ruminant species for each type of A. phagocytophilum-like strains. Results raise concern on the use and interpretation of indirect and direct tests traditionally employed for detecting pathogenic A. phagocytophilum strains in ruminants and in other vertebrates' species, and provide additional background to improve classification of bacterial species closely related to A. phagocytophilum, and to reconstruct their evolutionary history.

Molecular typing and diagnosis of Anaplasma spp. closely related to Anaplasma phagocytophilum in ruminants from Tunisia / Ben Said, Mourad; Belkahia, Hanène; El Mabrouk, Narjesse; Saidani, Mariem; Ben Hassen, Mariem; Alberti, Alberto; Zobba, Rosanna; Bouattour, Skander; Bouattour, Ali; Messadi, Lilia. - In: TICKS AND TICK-BORNE DISEASES. - ISSN 1877-959X. - 8:3(2017), pp. 412-422-422. [10.1016/j.ttbdis.2017.01.005]

Molecular typing and diagnosis of Anaplasma spp. closely related to Anaplasma phagocytophilum in ruminants from Tunisia

ALBERTI, Alberto;ZOBBA, Rosanna;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Accurate diagnosis of animal and zoonotic diseases, such as granulocytic anaplasmosis, is crucial to estimate risk during control programs. In this study, 16S rRNA nested PCR and RFLP assay were combined to investigate the presence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum and genetically related strains (namely A. phagocytophilum-like 1 and 2) in 936 Tunisian ruminants. By using this method, A. phagocytophilum was not detected in any of the tested animals, while A. phagocytophilum-like 1 and A. phagocytophilum-like 2 were detected at variable prevalence rates in sheep, goats and cattle at coinfection rates respectively of 3.9, 2.5 and 0.5%. Sequence analysis validated RFLP data, and confirmed the co-occurrence of two potentially novel species closely related to A. phagocytophilum in Tunisian ruminants. Phylogeny indicated the presence of genetic variants shared by different ruminant species for each type of A. phagocytophilum-like strains. Results raise concern on the use and interpretation of indirect and direct tests traditionally employed for detecting pathogenic A. phagocytophilum strains in ruminants and in other vertebrates' species, and provide additional background to improve classification of bacterial species closely related to A. phagocytophilum, and to reconstruct their evolutionary history.
2017
Molecular typing and diagnosis of Anaplasma spp. closely related to Anaplasma phagocytophilum in ruminants from Tunisia / Ben Said, Mourad; Belkahia, Hanène; El Mabrouk, Narjesse; Saidani, Mariem; Ben Hassen, Mariem; Alberti, Alberto; Zobba, Rosanna; Bouattour, Skander; Bouattour, Ali; Messadi, Lilia. - In: TICKS AND TICK-BORNE DISEASES. - ISSN 1877-959X. - 8:3(2017), pp. 412-422-422. [10.1016/j.ttbdis.2017.01.005]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/176664
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