Iron-rich water treatment residues (Fe-WTRs) and municipal solid waste compost (MSWC) were added together at two different total rates (i.e. 0.5% Fe-WTRs+0.5% MSWC and 1% Fe-WTRs+1% MSWC) to a degraded sub-alkaline soil (pH 8.0) contaminated with Sb (∼110 mg kg−1 soil), Pb (∼1200 mg kg−1), Cd (∼23 mg kg−1), and Zn (∼5400 mg kg−1). A large number of chemical and biological endpoints were evaluated to assess the efficacy of the treatments after five months of incubation. Both treatments significantly reduced the labile fractions of the metal(loid)s in soil, especially Sb, while increasing the abundance of culturable heterotrophic bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi (i.e. up to 6.3-, 1.6- and 4.1-fold higher than control respectively). Soil enzyme activities, i.e. dehydrogenase, β-glucosidase and urease, were also significantly enhanced in the treated soils (i.e. up to ∼12-, 3- and 2-fold higher than control respectively). The amendment addition affected the structure of the soil microbial community as highlighted by the higher metabolic potential and catabolic versatility of treated soils (Biolog CLPP) and by the significantly higher α-diversity values based on high throughput partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Moreover, analysis of the dominant operational taxonomic units (OTUs) showed differences in the microbial communities of untreated and treated soils. Plant growth (Helichrysum italicum) in the treated soils was greatly stimulated while metal(loid)s uptake was significantly reduced. Overall, the results indicated that the applied treatment could be ideal for the chemical and (micro)biological recovery of sub-alkaline soils contaminated with Sb and co-occurring metals, and H. italicum appears to be a promising plant species for aided phytostabilisation of such soils.

Use of municipal solid wastes for chemical and microbiological recovery of soils contaminated with metal(loid)s / Garau, Giovanni; Silvetti, Margherita; Vasileiadis, S.; Donner, E.; Diquattro, Stefania; Deiana, Salvatore Andrea; Lombi, Enzo; Castaldi, Paola. - In: SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0038-0717. - 111(2017), pp. 25-35. [10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.03.014]

Use of municipal solid wastes for chemical and microbiological recovery of soils contaminated with metal(loid)s

GARAU, Giovanni
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
SILVETTI, Margherita
Formal Analysis
;
Diquattro, Stefania
Formal Analysis
;
DEIANA, Salvatore Andrea
Supervision
;
LOMBI, ENZO
Conceptualization
;
CASTALDI, Paola
Writing – Review & Editing
2017

Abstract

Iron-rich water treatment residues (Fe-WTRs) and municipal solid waste compost (MSWC) were added together at two different total rates (i.e. 0.5% Fe-WTRs+0.5% MSWC and 1% Fe-WTRs+1% MSWC) to a degraded sub-alkaline soil (pH 8.0) contaminated with Sb (∼110 mg kg−1 soil), Pb (∼1200 mg kg−1), Cd (∼23 mg kg−1), and Zn (∼5400 mg kg−1). A large number of chemical and biological endpoints were evaluated to assess the efficacy of the treatments after five months of incubation. Both treatments significantly reduced the labile fractions of the metal(loid)s in soil, especially Sb, while increasing the abundance of culturable heterotrophic bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi (i.e. up to 6.3-, 1.6- and 4.1-fold higher than control respectively). Soil enzyme activities, i.e. dehydrogenase, β-glucosidase and urease, were also significantly enhanced in the treated soils (i.e. up to ∼12-, 3- and 2-fold higher than control respectively). The amendment addition affected the structure of the soil microbial community as highlighted by the higher metabolic potential and catabolic versatility of treated soils (Biolog CLPP) and by the significantly higher α-diversity values based on high throughput partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Moreover, analysis of the dominant operational taxonomic units (OTUs) showed differences in the microbial communities of untreated and treated soils. Plant growth (Helichrysum italicum) in the treated soils was greatly stimulated while metal(loid)s uptake was significantly reduced. Overall, the results indicated that the applied treatment could be ideal for the chemical and (micro)biological recovery of sub-alkaline soils contaminated with Sb and co-occurring metals, and H. italicum appears to be a promising plant species for aided phytostabilisation of such soils.
Use of municipal solid wastes for chemical and microbiological recovery of soils contaminated with metal(loid)s / Garau, Giovanni; Silvetti, Margherita; Vasileiadis, S.; Donner, E.; Diquattro, Stefania; Deiana, Salvatore Andrea; Lombi, Enzo; Castaldi, Paola. - In: SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0038-0717. - 111(2017), pp. 25-35. [10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.03.014]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/175317
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