A device based on a tri-axial accelerometer was used to measure behavioural parameters of dairy sheep at pasture. Short tests were performed in grazing conditions to collect accelerometer data simultaneously with video recordings of sheep behavioural activities (grazing, ruminating and resting). The raw acceleration data was processed to create 12 variables: mean, variance and inverse coefficient of variation (ICV; mean/standard deviation) for the X-, Y- and Z-axis and the resultant at 1-min intervals. A database inclusive of the 12 acceleration variables and the three behavioural activities detected for each minute was then created. Three multivariate statistical techniques were used to discriminate the behavioural activities using the acceleration data: stepwise discriminant analysis (SDA), canonical discriminant analysis (CDA), and discriminant analysis (DA). Based on the acceleration variables selected by SDA, the subsequent CDA significantly discriminated the three behaviours by extracting two canonical functions. The first canonical function (CAN1) discriminated the grazing activity from the resting and ruminating, whereas the second (CAN2) differentiated the grazing from the ruminating behaviour. After bootstrap resampling, the DA correctly assigned 93.0% of minutes to behavioural activities. Stepwise regression analysis was used to estimate the rate of biting(total number of bites/min) using a subset of acceleration data that contained only minutes in which sheep were grazing. In this case, 15 variables were tested and out of them, only one was selected, the sum of X-axis value per minute (SX), which explained 65% of the total variation of the rate of biting.

Automatic classification system for grazing, ruminating and resting behaviour of dairy sheep using a tri-axial accelerometer / Giovanetti, V; Decandia, M.; Molle, G.; Acciaro, M.; Mameli, M.; Cabiddu, A.; Cossu, R.; Serra, M. G.; Manca, C.; Rassu, Salvatore Pier Giacomo; Dimauro, Corrado. - In: LIVESTOCK SCIENCE. - ISSN 1871-1413. - 196:(2017), pp. 42-48. [10.1016/j.livsci.2016.12.011]

Automatic classification system for grazing, ruminating and resting behaviour of dairy sheep using a tri-axial accelerometer

RASSU, Salvatore Pier Giacomo;DIMAURO, Corrado
2017-01-01

Abstract

A device based on a tri-axial accelerometer was used to measure behavioural parameters of dairy sheep at pasture. Short tests were performed in grazing conditions to collect accelerometer data simultaneously with video recordings of sheep behavioural activities (grazing, ruminating and resting). The raw acceleration data was processed to create 12 variables: mean, variance and inverse coefficient of variation (ICV; mean/standard deviation) for the X-, Y- and Z-axis and the resultant at 1-min intervals. A database inclusive of the 12 acceleration variables and the three behavioural activities detected for each minute was then created. Three multivariate statistical techniques were used to discriminate the behavioural activities using the acceleration data: stepwise discriminant analysis (SDA), canonical discriminant analysis (CDA), and discriminant analysis (DA). Based on the acceleration variables selected by SDA, the subsequent CDA significantly discriminated the three behaviours by extracting two canonical functions. The first canonical function (CAN1) discriminated the grazing activity from the resting and ruminating, whereas the second (CAN2) differentiated the grazing from the ruminating behaviour. After bootstrap resampling, the DA correctly assigned 93.0% of minutes to behavioural activities. Stepwise regression analysis was used to estimate the rate of biting(total number of bites/min) using a subset of acceleration data that contained only minutes in which sheep were grazing. In this case, 15 variables were tested and out of them, only one was selected, the sum of X-axis value per minute (SX), which explained 65% of the total variation of the rate of biting.
2017
Automatic classification system for grazing, ruminating and resting behaviour of dairy sheep using a tri-axial accelerometer / Giovanetti, V; Decandia, M.; Molle, G.; Acciaro, M.; Mameli, M.; Cabiddu, A.; Cossu, R.; Serra, M. G.; Manca, C.; Rassu, Salvatore Pier Giacomo; Dimauro, Corrado. - In: LIVESTOCK SCIENCE. - ISSN 1871-1413. - 196:(2017), pp. 42-48. [10.1016/j.livsci.2016.12.011]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/173167
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