Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a heterogeneous disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) that begins as an inflammatory autoimmune disorder mediated by auto-reactive lymphocyte followed by microglial activation and chronic degeneration. The etiology of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is unknown but several data support the hypothesis of possible infectious agents which may act as a trigger for the pathogenic cascade. Human endogenous retrovirus (HERV-W/MSRV), Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) and Mycobacterium avium ss. paratuberculosis (MAP) have been associated to Multiple Sclerosis. In this study, we evaluated the humoral response against different peptides: the human endogenous retrovirus HERV-Wenv73-88, MAP106c121-132 from MAP, EBNA1 400-413 from EBV and the homologous human peptide MBP85-98 in a cohort of MS patients treated with natalizumab. Results showed a statistically significant difference in the response against the HERV-W peptide in MS patients after two years of natalizumab treatment.
Natalizumab modulates the humoral response against HERV-Wenv73-88 in a follow-up study of Multiple Sclerosis patients / Arru, Giannina; Caggiu, Elisa; Leoni, Stefania; Mameli, Giuseppe; Pugliatti, Maura; Sechi, Gianpietro; Sechi, Leonardo Antonio. - In: JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 0022-510X. - 357:1-2(2015), pp. 106-108. [10.1016/j.jns.2015.07.007]