Improving water use efficiency is a key element of water management in irrigated viticulture, especially in arid or semi-arid areas. In this study, the micrometeorological technique “Eddy Covariance” was used to directly quantify the crop evapotranspiration (ET) and to analyze the complex relationships between evapotranspiration, energy fluxes, and meteorological conditions. Both observed Direct measurements (DIR) of latent heat flux (LE) and observed from the residual of the energy balance (REB) equation were used for crop evapotranspiration calculations. Observed crop coefficients (Kcms) were then determined using the standardized reference evapotranspiration (ETo) equation for short canopies. In addition, linear approximations from observations were used to model the seasonal trend lines for crop coefficients and Kcs values were parameterized by first identifying the beginning and end of each growth stage. The modeled Kcs values were used to predict daily ET from ETo measurements and compared with values from literature. The daily observed DIR ET values (ETdo) were lower than REB ET (ETro) during periods with precipitation, but they were similar during dry periods, which implies that energy balance closure is better when the surface is drier. Comparisons between modeled ET and crop ET estimated using Kc values from best agreement was observed between the modeled REB and FAO 56 and the local Kc values provided by the Regional Agency ARPAS showed good agreement with observed ET (from DIR and REB data) than the FAO 56 ones. The study confirmed that the availability of locally driven Kc could be relevant to quantify the crop water requirement and represents the starting point for a sustainable management of water resources. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
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|Titolo:||Using energy balance data for assessing evapotranspiration and crop coefficients in a Mediterranean vineyard|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|