"The aim of this research was to investigate variability in each of the five exons of the caprine growth. hormone (gGH) gene, in order to establish the possible relationships with milk traits in Sarda breed. goat. The general linear model procedure was used to analyse the effects of the single strand. conformation (SSCP) profiles on milk traits of 100 lactating goats. Analysis of conformational. polymorphism at exons 1–5 revealed a total of 25 differing banding patterns. Sequencing revealed 21. nucleotide changes (compared with GenBank D00476): 14 were polymorphic and 7 monomorphic;. 19 in exonic regions, 5 of which were nonsynonymous. A SNP upstream of the transcription initiation. codon (c.-3A > G) and an indel (c.*29_30insC) in the 3′UTR, were detected. Alignment of 4 cloned. sequences including the entire gGH gene led to the identification of 22 nucleotide variations within. the intron regions, including two indels. Association analysis revealed that each exon, except exon-1,. affected milk yield, exons 1 and 3 influenced milk fat percentage, and all exons, except exon-2, had. an effect on protein percentage, supporting previous results in livestock. The variability detected at. the caprine GH gene might provide useful information for the phylogeny of ruminants and, more. importantly, have implications on the biological function of the growth hormone and on those traits. resulting from its physiological action, including milk production and composition. The caprine GH. gene may become a useful molecular marker for a more effective genetic selection for milk. production traits in goats"
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|Titolo:||Growth Hormone gene variability and its effects on milk traits in primiparous Sarda goats|
DETTORI, Maria Luisa (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|