Levels of dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), ascorbic acid and dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA) were measured by HPLC in the striatum of rats whose fronto-parietal cortex had been unilaterally ablated after a single injection of apomorphine (1 mg/kg s.c.), scopolamine (0.6 mg/kg s.c.) or L-glutamate (500 mg/kg i.p.). Unilateral cortical ablation decreased striatal levels of glutamate in both striata ipsilateral (35%) and contralateral (17-25%) to the lesion. Apomorphine and scopolamine significantly increased (+94 and +122%, respectively) the DHAA/ascorbic acid ratio in the striata ipsilateral to the lesion in unoperated and sham-operated rats (+72 and +34%, respectively), but both drugs failed to increase it in ablated rats. L-Glutamate significantly increased the DHAA/ascorbic acid ratio in unoperated (+53%) and ablated rats (+37%). The increase in sham-operated rats (+34%) did not reach statistical significance. Apomorphine and scopolamine significantly decreased the DOPAC/DA ratio in the striata ipsilateral to the lesion of unoperated, sham-operated and ablated rats. The decrease in the DOPAC/DA ratio induced by apomorphine and scopolamine was greater in ablated rats than in sham-operated rats. L-Glutamate induced only minor changes in striatal DA and DOPAC levels. We conclude that the apomorphine- and scopolamine-induced increase in ascorbic acid oxidation in the striatum requires intact cortico-striatal glutamatergic pathways. Cortical ablation potentiates the apomorphine- and scopolamine-induced inhibition of striatal DA turnover.
Effects of cortical ablation on apomorphine- and scopolamine-induced changes in dopamine turnover and ascorbic acid catabolism in the rat striatum / Desole, Maria Speranza; Miele, M; Enrico, Paolo; Esposito, G; Fresu, L; De Natale, G; Miele, E.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2999. - 219(1):1(1992), pp. 67-74.