Myrtle (Myrtus communis L.), a shrub that grows spontaneously in the Mediterranean maquis, is well known for aromatic constituents in the essential oil from the plant. Currently, the harvest of fruit from wild plants by liqueur producers is insufficient to mcet the needs for raw materials, making cultivation of myrtle urgent. To locate myrtle cultivars for cultivation, more than 70 wild growing myrtle ecotypes in Sardinia were evaluated. The most useful characters in cultivar selection for cultivation and domestication were fruit size, peduncle length, pulp/seed ratio, and number of fruit per shoot. A positive correlation existed between fruit weight and volume, fruit weight and seed weight per fruit, and number of internodes per shoot and shoot length.
Germplasm evaluation of spontaneous myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) for cultivar selection and crop development / Mulas, Maurizio; Cani, Mr. - In: JOURNAL OF HERBS, SPICES & MEDICINAL PLANTS. - ISSN 1049-6475. - 6:(1999), pp. 31-49. [10.1300/J044v06n03_04]