Purpose: The aim of this work was to develop a microbioreactor using liquid marble (LM) as a novel system for oocyte in vitro maturation (IVM) in small volumes. Methods: Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) obtained from slaughterhouse sheep ovaries were in vitro matured in a LM system prepared by placing a drop (30 μl containing 10 COCs) suspended in TCM 199 supplemented with 10 % (v/v) oestrus sheep serum (OSS) and 0.1 IU FSH and LH onto a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) particle bed (LM group). As a control group (CTRL group), COCs were in vitro matured in standard volume and conditions (600 μl of IVM medium in a four-well dish). After 24-h culture at 38.5 °C in 5 % CO2 in air, COCs were released from LM and the following parameters were evaluated: (a) percentage of MII oocytes, (b) oocyte developmental competence following in vitro fertilization (IVF) or parthenogenetic activation (PA) and embryo culture for 8 days in synthetic oviductal fluid (SOF) medium at 38.5 °C in 5 % O2, 5 % CO2, and 90 % N2. Results: The results indicated similar percentage of MII oocytes in LM and CTRL groups (88.0 vs. 92.0 %). No differences were observed in blastocyst rate after IVF (LM 47.5 % vs. CTRL 50.2 %, P=0.637) or PA (LM 44.4 % vs. CTRL 48.3 %, P=0.426). Conclusions: The results indicate that LM microbioreactor is a viable technique that provides a suitable microenvironment to induce oocyte in vitro maturation.
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|Titolo:||A novel technique for in vitro maturation of sheep oocytes in a liquid marble microbioreactor.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|