Abstract In Mediterranean climates, adoption and use of the ET-based scheduling method is limited to regions characterized by considerable contributions to evapotranspiration from fog interception, dew, and light rainfall. While the crop evapotranspiration is often accurately estimated, the water balance is frequently in error because a considerable portion of the energy expended is used to vaporize water from the plant surfaces rather from inside the leaves (i.e., transpiration). Growers in regions with considerable fog, dew, and light rainfall are hesitant to use ET-based scheduling because the cumulative crop evapotranspiration between irrigations is often considerably higher than the soil water depletion. A correction for these surface contributions is clearly needed to improve the water balance calculations and to enhance adoption of the ET-based scheduling method. In this paper, we present a simple, practical method to estimate the contribution of fog interception, dew, and light rainfall to daily crop evapotranspiration, and we show how to use the method to improve water balance calculations.
Correcting Soil Water Balance Calculations for Dew, Fog, and Light Rainfall / Moratiel, R.; Spano, Donatella Emma Ignazia; Nicolosi, P.; Snyder, R. L.. - In: IRRIGATION SCIENCE. - ISSN 0342-7188. - 31:3(2013), pp. 1-7. [10.1007/s00271-011-0320-2]