Airports, today, are complex and multi-product firms with a primary role in economic and social development of Nations and regions. Other than providing transport services, in fact, the positive effects of their activities for the competition of the destinations include the attraction of new investments, the creation of products and services demand and the employment incentives. Following liberalization processes started in 1978 in U.S.A. with the Airline Deregulation Act (ADA) and continued on the European context about ten years after, Italian airport industry undertook a gradual reform in the first years of the Nineties. In those years Italian public sector was characterized by a wider managerial reform on the wake of New Public Management paradigm. A series of circumstances, nevertheless, has interfered with the Italian reform of airport management. Actually, the process of liberalization is still in progress since a lot of uncertainties affect the main aims of recovering the efficiency of the industry and in the meantime increasing the satisfaction of the community, essential for the improvement of the whole transport system. The crucial issue seems to be the difficulty to develop a regulation capable of guaranteeing the free competition in the market and balancing the main, sometimes conflicting, interests of the public and private actors. This study is based on an empirical investigation carried out on a significant sample of Italian airport companies. It intends to analyze the reform effects, in terms of corporate governance models and economical and technical performance, on the companies which manage different typologies of airports in order to verify the state of the work and its present effectiveness with respect to the initial purposes. The degree of accountability and liberalization of handling services was also analyzed. Finally, another objective of the research is to draw some appropriate guidelines for the future regulation.
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|Titolo:||Profili economico-aziendali della riforma del settore aeroportuale. Effetti e traiettorie future|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|