The objective of the present study was to assess the in vitro viability of ovine embryos at different stages of development after combining cell sampling and vitrification. Precompacted morulae, compacted morulae and blastocysts were obtained from superovulated Sarda ewes at 4, 5 or 6 d following insemination. Embryo cell biopsy was carried out in a 100-microl drop of PBS + 10% fetal calf serum (FCS) with 10 micromol nocodazole and 7.5 microg/ml cytochalasin-b by aspiration (3-5 cells). Embryos were cryopreserved at room temperature after exposure of 2 solutions for 5 min, transferred into a vitrification solution, loaded into the center of 0.25-ml straws separated by air bubbles from 2 columns of sucrose 0.5 M and plunged immediately into liquid nitrogen. In Experiment 1, the in vitro viability of manipulated or vitrified embryos after in vitro co-culture in TCM 199 medium with 10% FCS and sheep oviductal epithelial cells (SOEC) in 5% CO2 humidified atmosphere in air at 39 degrees C was significantly lower (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively) at precompacted morula (60 and 30%) and compacted morula (62 and 39%) stages than intact embryos at the same stages (87 and 88%). No differences were found at the blastocyst stage. In Experiment 2, the in vitro survival rate of precompacted morulae which were manipulated and immediately vitrified was lower (P < 0.05) than in those manipulated and, after a temporary period of culture, vitrified at blastocyst stage (21 vs 48%); while no differences were found at compacted morula and blastocyst stages. The results show that 1) the stage of development influences the subsequent in vitro viability of manipulated and vitrified ovine embryos, 2) temporary culture after manipulation and before vitrification improves the in vitro viability of embryos, and 3) the hole in the zona pellucida resulting from biopsy does not affect blastocyst survival after subsequent vitrification.
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|Titolo:||Effect of biopsy and vitrification on in vitro survival of ovine embryos at different stages of development|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|