An extended series of phosphines (L), having widely different steric and electronic properties, was used to study the kinetics of chloride substitution on the cyclometallated complex [Pt(N-N-C)Cl] (N-N-CH = 6-(1-methylbenzyl)-2,2'-bipyridine). The final cationic products [Pt(N-N-C)(L)](+) were fully characterised by H-1 and P-31{H-1} NMR spectroscopy in CDCl3 solution. The values of the (1)J(PtP) coupling constants for these complexes showed interesting dependencies upon the size and the sigma-donor ability of the ligands. The reaction, in dichloromethane as solvent at 298.2 K, takes place by way of a direct bimolecular attack of the ligand on the substrate, with no evidence of a significant solvent contribution. The order of reactivity is that expected on the Oasis of the nucleophilic reactivity constants (n(pt)(P), derived from previous studies. The values of the second-order rate constants (k(2), M-1 s(-1)) can be resolved quantitatively into steric, electronic and aryl contributions of the phosphine ligands, by use of a four-parameter equation log k(2) alpha + beta(pK(a)') + gamma(theta) + delta(E-ar), where pK(a)' measures the sigma-donor ability of the phosphines, theta (Tolman's cone angle) is a measure of the size of the P-donor ligand, and (ar) is related to the number of aryl groups attached to the ligand phosphorus atom. This is the first reported example of an aryl effect contributing to the nucleophilicity of phosphines as entering ligands on square-planar complexes. No steric threshold is observed. Steric and electronic profiles for the substitution process can be plotted showing the dependence of rates on the size and the sigma-donor ability of the phosphines. The sensitivity of the rates to pK(a)' is significant (beta = 0.20 +/- 0.04) and this is related to the structural properties of the substrate. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science S.A.

Reactivity of tertiary phosphines toward a cyclometallated platinum(II) complex: evaluation of steric and electronic contributions / Romeo, R; Plutino, Mr; Scolaro, Lm; Stoccoro, Sergio. - In: INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA. - ISSN 0020-1693. - 265:1-2(1997), pp. 225-233. [10.1016/S0020-1693(97)05713-7]

Reactivity of tertiary phosphines toward a cyclometallated platinum(II) complex: evaluation of steric and electronic contributions

STOCCORO, Sergio
1997

Abstract

An extended series of phosphines (L), having widely different steric and electronic properties, was used to study the kinetics of chloride substitution on the cyclometallated complex [Pt(N-N-C)Cl] (N-N-CH = 6-(1-methylbenzyl)-2,2'-bipyridine). The final cationic products [Pt(N-N-C)(L)](+) were fully characterised by H-1 and P-31{H-1} NMR spectroscopy in CDCl3 solution. The values of the (1)J(PtP) coupling constants for these complexes showed interesting dependencies upon the size and the sigma-donor ability of the ligands. The reaction, in dichloromethane as solvent at 298.2 K, takes place by way of a direct bimolecular attack of the ligand on the substrate, with no evidence of a significant solvent contribution. The order of reactivity is that expected on the Oasis of the nucleophilic reactivity constants (n(pt)(P), derived from previous studies. The values of the second-order rate constants (k(2), M-1 s(-1)) can be resolved quantitatively into steric, electronic and aryl contributions of the phosphine ligands, by use of a four-parameter equation log k(2) alpha + beta(pK(a)') + gamma(theta) + delta(E-ar), where pK(a)' measures the sigma-donor ability of the phosphines, theta (Tolman's cone angle) is a measure of the size of the P-donor ligand, and (ar) is related to the number of aryl groups attached to the ligand phosphorus atom. This is the first reported example of an aryl effect contributing to the nucleophilicity of phosphines as entering ligands on square-planar complexes. No steric threshold is observed. Steric and electronic profiles for the substitution process can be plotted showing the dependence of rates on the size and the sigma-donor ability of the phosphines. The sensitivity of the rates to pK(a)' is significant (beta = 0.20 +/- 0.04) and this is related to the structural properties of the substrate. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science S.A.
Reactivity of tertiary phosphines toward a cyclometallated platinum(II) complex: evaluation of steric and electronic contributions / Romeo, R; Plutino, Mr; Scolaro, Lm; Stoccoro, Sergio. - In: INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA. - ISSN 0020-1693. - 265:1-2(1997), pp. 225-233. [10.1016/S0020-1693(97)05713-7]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/83593
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