This work is devoted to an experimental and numerical study on the influence of natural convection on the ignition of polymerization reaction fronts. Numerical simulations confirm experimental findings. Indeed, it has been observed that under the same initial and boundary conditions the front ignition can occur either in the centre of the reactor or at the top. The difference between these two cases is determined by the viscosity of the medium and by other parameters that can influence the convective motion of a liquid monomer. If the viscosity is low, weak convective motion in the beginning of the development of the reaction will lead to the accumulation of the hotter monomer at the top of the reactor. In this case, front ignition occurs at the top and propagates downwards (rainstorm effect). If the viscosity is sufficiently high, the convective motion does not essentially change the position of the emerging hot spot; the front appears at the centre of the reactor and propagates almost spherically outwards.
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|Titolo:||Self-ignition of polymerization fronts with convection: the 'rainstorm effect|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|