Per un’analisi interlinguistica d’epoca: Grazia Deledda e contemporanei. Carlo Schirru Abstract This study is related to a recent broader framework of personal proposals for linguistic analysis on fragments of a sound universe of the last century, which came up to us through contemporary reproductions, belonging to some famous Italian personalities lived in the same historical period. It concerns, in particular, the voice of Grazia Deledda, recorded in June 1933, and the voices of three other writers: Benedetto Croce (recorded in Lugano on 4 October 1936), Luigi Pirandello (recorded in 1935) and Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (probably recorded between 1920 and 1929). Based mostly on an acoustic-experimental approach, the study deals particularly with phonetic comparisons of the distinguishing features of their speech and, more specifically, with a first global prosodic overview, coupled with precise considerations on the linguistic variety of the authors, which are more immediately detectable on every single production. Apart from the biographical information, the study produces, for the very first time, an extensive set of numerical data on language-typological peculiarities of these authors, more or less marked in terms of dialectal variety, with relative valuable synchronic and diachronic information, integrative to what already known through the written prose. Thanks to the acoustic parameters of F0 and intensity over time, the results help to outline the stylistic strategies implemented individually by the four speakers, attributable mainly to three models of a speech. The first model, corresponding to that of B. Croce, shows a compact and monotonous speech. The second one, corresponding to that of L. Pirandello, appears relatively more developed in tone rather than in intensity, but overall very accurate and refined. The third model, which essentially puts together G. Deledda and F. T. Marinetti, despite of various differences, including gender, shows a wide variation of tonal scale and intensity, looking as if strategically governed according to a pattern of mutual reinforcement. Beyond these aspects, the speech production of F. T. Marinetti shows some peculiarities most likely due to interlanguage contact between French, probably the dominant language of this author, and Italian, perhaps its substantial second language. On the other hand, as regards the speech of G. Deledda, its structure suggests a person of high complexity, capable of adapting to oral stylistic canons of her time, and able to adhere to her usual prose with the respect of the simplicity of her own poetic world, even in such a formal and official context like that of an interview.

Per un’analisi interlinguistica d’epoca: Grazia Deledda e contemporanei / Schirru, Carlo Giorgio. - In: RIVISTA ITALIANA DI LINGUISTICA E DI DIALETTOLOGIA. - ISSN 1128-6369. - Anno XI:(2009), pp. 9-32.

Per un’analisi interlinguistica d’epoca: Grazia Deledda e contemporanei

SCHIRRU, Carlo Giorgio
2009

Abstract

Per un’analisi interlinguistica d’epoca: Grazia Deledda e contemporanei. Carlo Schirru Abstract This study is related to a recent broader framework of personal proposals for linguistic analysis on fragments of a sound universe of the last century, which came up to us through contemporary reproductions, belonging to some famous Italian personalities lived in the same historical period. It concerns, in particular, the voice of Grazia Deledda, recorded in June 1933, and the voices of three other writers: Benedetto Croce (recorded in Lugano on 4 October 1936), Luigi Pirandello (recorded in 1935) and Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (probably recorded between 1920 and 1929). Based mostly on an acoustic-experimental approach, the study deals particularly with phonetic comparisons of the distinguishing features of their speech and, more specifically, with a first global prosodic overview, coupled with precise considerations on the linguistic variety of the authors, which are more immediately detectable on every single production. Apart from the biographical information, the study produces, for the very first time, an extensive set of numerical data on language-typological peculiarities of these authors, more or less marked in terms of dialectal variety, with relative valuable synchronic and diachronic information, integrative to what already known through the written prose. Thanks to the acoustic parameters of F0 and intensity over time, the results help to outline the stylistic strategies implemented individually by the four speakers, attributable mainly to three models of a speech. The first model, corresponding to that of B. Croce, shows a compact and monotonous speech. The second one, corresponding to that of L. Pirandello, appears relatively more developed in tone rather than in intensity, but overall very accurate and refined. The third model, which essentially puts together G. Deledda and F. T. Marinetti, despite of various differences, including gender, shows a wide variation of tonal scale and intensity, looking as if strategically governed according to a pattern of mutual reinforcement. Beyond these aspects, the speech production of F. T. Marinetti shows some peculiarities most likely due to interlanguage contact between French, probably the dominant language of this author, and Italian, perhaps its substantial second language. On the other hand, as regards the speech of G. Deledda, its structure suggests a person of high complexity, capable of adapting to oral stylistic canons of her time, and able to adhere to her usual prose with the respect of the simplicity of her own poetic world, even in such a formal and official context like that of an interview.
Per un’analisi interlinguistica d’epoca: Grazia Deledda e contemporanei / Schirru, Carlo Giorgio. - In: RIVISTA ITALIANA DI LINGUISTICA E DI DIALETTOLOGIA. - ISSN 1128-6369. - Anno XI:(2009), pp. 9-32.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/83377
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