Polycrystalline gadolinium gallium mixed oxides were prepared by coprecipitation and annealing at various temperatures below 1000 degrees C. The oxide materials appear to be X-ray amorphous after a heat treatment at 500 degrees C for 30 h, but after 30 h at 800 and 900 degrees C a major, unreported, hexagonal phase, isostructural with TAlO3 compounds (where T = Y, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) appears to crystallize. On the other hand, a highly energetic mechanical treatment of the amorphous powder previously annealed at 500 degrees C changes considerably the shape and position of exothermal events occurring in the range from 700 up to 900 degrees C. Subsequent annealing at 900 degrees C of the mechanically treated powder gives rise to the complete formation of the Gd3Ga5O12 garnet structure at the expense of the hexagonal phase and of the minor Gd(4)G(2)O(9) oxide phase. However, a 7.0 wt% contamination is found to be due to tetragonal zirconia coming from vials and balls colliding media. The garnet phase may have strong deviations from the nominal stoichiometry of the garnet, as suggested by the refined lattice parameter obtained from the powder diffraction patterns and by the remarkable absence of intensity relative to the (220) Bragg peak position. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Structural and thermal investigation of gadolinium gallium mixed oxides obtained by coprecipitation: Observation of a new metastable phase / Bazzoni, M.; Bettinelli, M.; Daldosso, M.; Enzo, Stefano; Serra, F.; Speghini, A.. - In: JOURNAL OF SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-4596. - 178:7(2005), pp. 2301-2305. [10.1016/j.jssc.2005.05.017]