The dopamine receptor agonist apomorphine has been recently introduced in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. While it is well established that dopamine D2-like receptors play a crucial role in this effect, conflicting result are reported in the literature as for the role of dopamine D1-like receptors. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of systemic administration of dopamine D1-like receptor agonists on penile erection in rats. Male Wistar rats were treated with three different, and not structurally related, dopamine D1-like receptor agonists: the partial agonists SKF38393 ((+) 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-7,8-dihydroxy-1-phenyl-1H-3-benzazepine) and CY 208-243 ((-)-4,6,6a,7,8,12b-exahydro-7-methylindole [4,3-ab]fenantridine), and the full agonist A 77636 ((-)-(1R,3S)-3-Adamantyl-1-(aminomethyl)-3,4-dihydro-5,6-dihydroxy-1H-2- benzopyran hydrochloride). All three compounds dose-dependently increased the number of penile erections, with the full agonist A77636 showing a more pronounced effect with respect to the other two. Moreover, the dopamine D1-like receptor antagonist SCH 23390 ((R)-(+)-7-chloro-8-hydorxy-3-methyl-1-phenyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3- benzazepine) dose-dependently antagonised A77636 effect. These results show that systemic administration of dopamine D1-like receptor agonists induce penile erection in rats. This observation suggests that dopamine D1-like receptor agonists might be considered as a possible alternative to apomorphine in the treatment of erectile dysfunction, thus avoiding the typical side effects related to the stimulation of dopamine D2-like receptors such as nausea.
Dopamine D1 receptor agonists induce penile erections in rats / D'Aquila, Ps; Panin, F; Cossu, M; Peana, At; Serra, G. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2999. - 460:1(2003), pp. 71-74. [10.1016/S0014-2999(02)02881-9]