Background. Glycosaminoglycans (GAG) play an important role in regulating glomerular permeability, and a reduction in their plasmatic concentration or urinary loss has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diseases associated with increased albumin permeability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate GAG excretion in renal pathology by analyzing the composition of urinary GAG in antibody mediated glomerular injury, such as mesangial glomerulonephritis (IgAGN) and primitive membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN), to verify the effects of glomerular capillary wall lesion with and without mesangial cell injury. Methods: Urinary GAG excretion was analyzed in 20 patients with IgAGN, 18 patients with MGN, and in 18 healthy subjects (controls). GAG were isolated from 24-hr urine using ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel, and the results are expressed as mg hexuronate/g creatinine (Cr). GAG composition was determined by cellulose acetate electrophoresis and expressed as relative percentages by densitometric scanning of Alcian Blue stained strips. Results: We found total GAG levels significantly higher in the urine of patients with MGN in comparison with controls and patients with IgAGN. The electrophoretic pattern analysis demonstrated low sulfated chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (LSC-PG) in all patients compared to 44% in controls (8/18), but also low sulfated chondroitin sulfate (LSC) in 18.4% of patients (7/38) and slow migrating LSC (SM-LSC) in 8% of patients (3/38), only in the MGN group. Moreover, in patients with MGN, the LSC-PG relative content was significantly higher when compared to that observed in controls. Finally, in IgAGN and MGN patients, a significant reduction in chondroitin sulfate (CS) relative content was observed. Conclusions: It seems likely that an increase in total GAG levels takes place when a reduction in renal function occurs, but the alteration of CS and herapan sulfate (HS) relative contents, and the presence of LSC-PG and free LSC also in the urine of IgAGN patients, allows us to suggest that the GAG distribution pattern becomes abnormal before an increase in total urine GAG excretion. In addition, the quali-quantitative determination of urinary GAG and GAGprotein complex could constitute an additional non-invasive marker to appraise the metabolism of renal connective tissue in some renal diseases.
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|Titolo:||Urinary glycosaminoglycan composition in chronic glomerulonephritis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|