BACKGROUND: The Holy Grail of physiological studies in acid secretion has been to identify a specific abnormality in gastroduodenal physiology responsible for the development of duodenal ulcer disease. METHODS: We review the available data relating duodenal ulcer and Helicobacter pylori infection to perturbations in gastric physiology, especially acid secretion. RESULTS: It is known now that elevated serum pepsinogen levels, reduced inhibition of acid secretion with antral acidification or distention, exaggerated gastrin response to meals or infusion of bombesin or gastric-releasing peptide, exaggerated acid output in response to gastric-releasing peptide, and abnormalities in duodenal bicarbonate secretion in response to instillation of acid are reversible epiphenomena related to the H. pylori infection and are not in themselves responsible for duodenal ulcer disease. H. pylori is inhibited by bile, yet can thrive in the duodenal bulb of duodenal ulcer patients. Glycine-conjugated bile acids are precipitated by acid; thus, any mechanism that would increase the duodenal acid load may remove the inhibitory bile and allow unrestrained growth of H. pylori. CONCLUSION: These data and speculations offer one possible explanation for why duodenal ulcer occurs in only some people--those with high acid secretion--and suggest that the combination of high duodenal acid load and H. pylori infection is sufficient to result in duodenal ulcer disease.
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|Titolo:||Perturbations in gastric physiology in Helicobacter pylori duodenal ulcer: are they all epiphenomena?|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|