Altered cellular bioenergetics and oxidative stress are emerging hallmarks of most cancers including pancreatic cancer. Elevated levels of intrinsic reactive oxygen species (ROS) in tumors make them more susceptible to exogenously induced oxidative stress. Excessive oxidative insults overwhelm their adaptive antioxidant capacity and trigger ROS-mediated cell death. Recently, we have discovered a novel class of quinazolinediones that exert their cytotoxic effects by modulating ROS-mediated signaling.

Background: Altered cellular bioenergetics and oxidative stress are emerging hallmarks ofmost cancers including pancreatic cancer. Elevated levels of intrinsic reactive oxygen species (ROS) in tumors make them more susceptible to exogenously induced oxidative stress. Excessive oxidative insults overwhelm their adaptive antioxidant capacity and trigger ROS-mediated cell death. Recently, we have discovered a novel class of quinazolinediones that exert their cytotoxic effects by modulating ROS-mediated signaling. Methods: Cytotoxic potentialwas determined by colorimetric and colony formation assays. An XF24 Extracellular Flux Analyzer, and colorimetric and fluorescent techniques were used to assess the bioenergetics and oxidative stress effects, respectively. Mechanism was determined by Western blots. Results: Compound 3a (6-[(2-acetylphenyl)amino]quinazoline-5,8-dione) was identified through a medium throughput screen of ~1000 highly diverse in-house compounds and chemotherapeutic agents for their ability to alter cellular bioenergetics. Further structural optimizations led to the discovery of a more potent analog, 3b (6-[(3-acetylphenyl)amino]quinazoline-5,8-dione) that displayed anti-proliferative activities in lowmicromolar range in both drug-sensitive and drug-resistant cancer cells. Treatmentwith 3b causes Akt activation resulting in increased cellular oxygen consumption and oxidative stress in pancreatic cancer cells. Moreover, oxidative stress induced by 3b promoted activation of stress kinases (p38/JNK) resulting in cancer cell death. Treatmentwith antioxidants was able to reduce cell death confirming ROS-mediated cytotoxicity. Conclusion: In conclusion, our novel quinazolinediones are promising lead compounds that selectively induce ROS-mediated cell death in cancer cells and warrant further preclinical studies. General significance: Since 3b (6-[(3-acetylphenyl)amino]quinazoline-5,8-dione) exerts Akt-dependent ROSmediated cell death, itmight provide potential therapeutic options for chemoresistant and Akt-overexpressing cancers.

Design and discovery of novel quinazolinedione-based redox modulators as therapies for pancreatic cancer / Pathania, D; Palomba, Michele Francesco Luigi; Berrettini, F; Sias, A; Taheri, L; Neamati, N.; Sechi, Mario; Sanna, Vanna Annunziata. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS. - ISSN 0304-4165. - 1840:1(2014), pp. 332-343. [10.1016/j.bbagen.2013.08.005]

Design and discovery of novel quinazolinedione-based redox modulators as therapies for pancreatic cancer

PALOMBA, Michele Francesco Luigi;SECHI, Mario;SANNA, Vanna Annunziata
2014

Abstract

Background: Altered cellular bioenergetics and oxidative stress are emerging hallmarks ofmost cancers including pancreatic cancer. Elevated levels of intrinsic reactive oxygen species (ROS) in tumors make them more susceptible to exogenously induced oxidative stress. Excessive oxidative insults overwhelm their adaptive antioxidant capacity and trigger ROS-mediated cell death. Recently, we have discovered a novel class of quinazolinediones that exert their cytotoxic effects by modulating ROS-mediated signaling. Methods: Cytotoxic potentialwas determined by colorimetric and colony formation assays. An XF24 Extracellular Flux Analyzer, and colorimetric and fluorescent techniques were used to assess the bioenergetics and oxidative stress effects, respectively. Mechanism was determined by Western blots. Results: Compound 3a (6-[(2-acetylphenyl)amino]quinazoline-5,8-dione) was identified through a medium throughput screen of ~1000 highly diverse in-house compounds and chemotherapeutic agents for their ability to alter cellular bioenergetics. Further structural optimizations led to the discovery of a more potent analog, 3b (6-[(3-acetylphenyl)amino]quinazoline-5,8-dione) that displayed anti-proliferative activities in lowmicromolar range in both drug-sensitive and drug-resistant cancer cells. Treatmentwith 3b causes Akt activation resulting in increased cellular oxygen consumption and oxidative stress in pancreatic cancer cells. Moreover, oxidative stress induced by 3b promoted activation of stress kinases (p38/JNK) resulting in cancer cell death. Treatmentwith antioxidants was able to reduce cell death confirming ROS-mediated cytotoxicity. Conclusion: In conclusion, our novel quinazolinediones are promising lead compounds that selectively induce ROS-mediated cell death in cancer cells and warrant further preclinical studies. General significance: Since 3b (6-[(3-acetylphenyl)amino]quinazoline-5,8-dione) exerts Akt-dependent ROSmediated cell death, itmight provide potential therapeutic options for chemoresistant and Akt-overexpressing cancers.
Altered cellular bioenergetics and oxidative stress are emerging hallmarks of most cancers including pancreatic cancer. Elevated levels of intrinsic reactive oxygen species (ROS) in tumors make them more susceptible to exogenously induced oxidative stress. Excessive oxidative insults overwhelm their adaptive antioxidant capacity and trigger ROS-mediated cell death. Recently, we have discovered a novel class of quinazolinediones that exert their cytotoxic effects by modulating ROS-mediated signaling.
Design and discovery of novel quinazolinedione-based redox modulators as therapies for pancreatic cancer / Pathania, D; Palomba, Michele Francesco Luigi; Berrettini, F; Sias, A; Taheri, L; Neamati, N.; Sechi, Mario; Sanna, Vanna Annunziata. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS. - ISSN 0304-4165. - 1840:1(2014), pp. 332-343. [10.1016/j.bbagen.2013.08.005]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/78823
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