Aim To compare the antimicrobial activity of different concentrations of tetraacetylethylenediamine + sodium perborate (TAED + P) with that of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) against Candida albicans biofilms. Methodology Biofilms were generated using cellulose nitrate membrane filters. Membranes were inoculated with a suspension of C. albicans in BHI agar. Plates were then incubated for 48 h at 37C. After incubation, the membranes were transferred into tubes containing 5 mL of the selected antimicrobial solution or sterile saline solution. Samples were taken after 2, 5, 20 and 30 min, transferred into tubes containing neutralizing broth for 5 min, diluted and then plated. After incubation, CFU/membrane were determined. Three replicates were performed for each sample. Statistical analysis was performed by using ANOVA and Tukey– Kramer tests at a P level of 0.05 to determine the interaction between time and concentration of the chemicals tested on biofilm viability. Results Significant differences (P < 0.05) were found in the comparisons of all the concentrations of the two antimicrobial agents tested, TAED + P, NaOCl against the control group after each time point. No statistically significant differences were found between NaOCl and TAED + P solutions when used undiluted or at high concentrations at various time points. While all concentrations of NaOCl proved to be effective against C. albicans biofilms after 30 min of exposure, C. albicans biofilms treated with TAED+P were totally eradicated at 20 and 30 min at all dilutions tested. Conclusions The antimicrobial agents investigated in this experimental biofilm model showed a different efficacy correlated with the concentration and the duration of the exposure. Both TAED + P and NaOCl were able to completely eliminate C. albicans biofilms at different exposure times when used at high concentrations, indicating that TAED + P has at least similar antimicrobial activity to NaOCl under the conditions tested.
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|Titolo:||Antimicrobial activity of varying concentrations of two different chemical solutions against Candida albicans biofilms|
|Autori interni:||MILIA, Egle Patrizia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Rivista:||INTERNATIONAL ENDODONTIC JOURNAL|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|