It is increasingly evident that many natural compounds isolated from plants provide benefits to human health, either by interacting with important signalling pathways or by modulating the intracellular redox state. Salvia desoleana is a herbaceous perennial shrub that is native to the island of Sardinia in the Mediterranean Sea. The leaves of S. desoleana were subjected to different extraction methods: hydrodistillation, supercritical CO2 (SCCO2) extraction at 90 bar and 50 degrees C, and at 250 bar and 40 degrees C. The latter process produced the highest yields of sclareol (811 mu g/mg), over both the SCCO2 extraction at 90 bar and 50 degrees C (540 mu g/mg) and hydrodistillation (53.8 mu g/mg). The SCCO2 extract obtained at 250 bar and 40 degrees C was used to investigate its ability to modulate some biological activities, including cytotoxicity, and cytoprotection against H2O2-induced oxidative stress, on normal (HUVEC) and transformed (ECV304) human endothelial cells. Results indicate a strong antioxidant activity of S. desoleana extract on both cellular models, as shown by the inhibitory effect elicited on both H2O2-induced ROS generation and cell damage. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Antioxidant activity of supercritical carbon dioxide extracts of Salvia desoleana on two human endothelial cell models|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|