Group A rotaviruses (RVA) are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis in young (<5 years of age) children, causing up to 450.000 deaths worldwide, mostly in developing countries. VP7 (G-type) and VP4 (P-type) genotypes are the basis for the binary RVA classification. Although at least 27 G-types and 37 P-types of rotavirus are presently known, most RVA infections in humans worldwide are associated with the five major G/P combinations G1P, G2P, G3P, G4P and G9P.During RVA gastroenteritis surveillance in Italy, a total of 1112 samples collected from children hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in 2013 were RVA positive and were genotyped following standardized protocols from the EuroRotaNet. Most strains analyzed belonged to the five major human genotypes. Among these common strains, 22 G4P RVA strains from different Italian regions were subjected to nucleotide sequencing of their VP4, VP6, VP7 and NSP4 genes to investigate their evolution.The phylogenetic analysis showed that the Italian strains belonged to lineage G4-I for VP7 and to lineage P-III for VP4, in line with the modern G4P RVA strains detected in children worldwide. The phylogenetic trees revealed high degrees of nucleotide identity between the RVA strains involved in this study and G4P strains detected previously in Europe, Asia and Africa, but also demonstrated at least three separate evolution clusters within the same lineage.Based on the amino acid sequences deduced for their hypervariable regions, both the VP7 and VP8* proteins of the Italian G4P RVA strains presented amino acid substitutions near known neutralizing epitopes.
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|Titolo:||Evolution of human G4P group A rotavirus strains circulating in Italy in 2013|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|