Abstract We evaluated whether vascular kallikrein is altered in rats with genetic or experimental hypertension. Group 1 was infused intraperitoneally with angiotensin II (Ang II) or vehicle for 4 weeks; group 2 was injected subcutaneously with deoxycorticosterone (75 mumol/kg once a week) or vehicle for 4 weeks; group 3 consisted of uninephrectomized rats on high sodium intake given deoxycorticosterone or vehicle; and group 4 consisted of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Active and total kallikrein activity was measured in abdominal aortic homogenates using an amidolytic assay. Ang II increased systolic blood pressure at a dose of 400 nmol/kg per day (146 +/- 6 versus 123 +/- 3 mm Hg in controls, P < .01) but not at 80 nmol/kg per day. Deoxycorticosterone did not increase blood pressure except in uninephrectomized rats on high salt (173 +/- 6 versus 135 +/- 4 mm Hg in controls, P < .01). Blood pressure averaged 194 +/- 2 mm Hg in SHR and 123 +/- 3 mm Hg in WKY rats. Vascular kallikrein was similar in rats given Ang II or vehicle. In deoxycorticosterone-treated rats total kallikrein was higher than in controls (9.2 +/- 0.8 versus 3.5 +/- 0.1 pkat/mg protein, P < .05), whereas active kallikrein did not differ (0.09 +/- 0.04 versus 0.09 +/- 0.03 pkat/mg protein, P = NS). A similar pattern was observed in uninephrectomized deoxycorticosterone-treated rats (active, 0.09 +/- 0.03 versus 0.10 +/- 0.04, P = NS; total, 7.4 +/- 0.7 versus 4.1 +/- 0.2 pkat/mg protein, P < .05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

A kallikrein-like enzyme in the aorta of normotensive and hypertensive rats / Madeddu, P; Varoni, Maria Vittoria; Demontis, Maria Piera; Fattaccio, Mc; Parpaglia, Pp; Glorioso, Nicola Filippo. - In: HYPERTENSION. - ISSN 0194-911X. - 23:6(1994), pp. 899-902.

A kallikrein-like enzyme in the aorta of normotensive and hypertensive rats.

VARONI, Maria Vittoria;DEMONTIS, Maria Piera;GLORIOSO, Nicola Filippo
1994

Abstract

Abstract We evaluated whether vascular kallikrein is altered in rats with genetic or experimental hypertension. Group 1 was infused intraperitoneally with angiotensin II (Ang II) or vehicle for 4 weeks; group 2 was injected subcutaneously with deoxycorticosterone (75 mumol/kg once a week) or vehicle for 4 weeks; group 3 consisted of uninephrectomized rats on high sodium intake given deoxycorticosterone or vehicle; and group 4 consisted of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Active and total kallikrein activity was measured in abdominal aortic homogenates using an amidolytic assay. Ang II increased systolic blood pressure at a dose of 400 nmol/kg per day (146 +/- 6 versus 123 +/- 3 mm Hg in controls, P < .01) but not at 80 nmol/kg per day. Deoxycorticosterone did not increase blood pressure except in uninephrectomized rats on high salt (173 +/- 6 versus 135 +/- 4 mm Hg in controls, P < .01). Blood pressure averaged 194 +/- 2 mm Hg in SHR and 123 +/- 3 mm Hg in WKY rats. Vascular kallikrein was similar in rats given Ang II or vehicle. In deoxycorticosterone-treated rats total kallikrein was higher than in controls (9.2 +/- 0.8 versus 3.5 +/- 0.1 pkat/mg protein, P < .05), whereas active kallikrein did not differ (0.09 +/- 0.04 versus 0.09 +/- 0.03 pkat/mg protein, P = NS). A similar pattern was observed in uninephrectomized deoxycorticosterone-treated rats (active, 0.09 +/- 0.03 versus 0.10 +/- 0.04, P = NS; total, 7.4 +/- 0.7 versus 4.1 +/- 0.2 pkat/mg protein, P < .05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/61015
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