INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of H. pylori infection is high in underdeveloped countries and is associated with growth retardation. In the first half of the 20th century, Sardinia was an underdeveloped region; however, more recent development resulted in a decline in H. pylori infection. Because body height is correlated with health and nutritional status in childhood, the association among H. pylori infection and height was explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted involving patients undergoing endoscopy for dyspepsia from 2002 to 2012. H. pylori status was assessed by histology plus the rapid urease test or 13Carbon-urea breath test. RESULTS: Body height and H. pylori status were assessed in 5045 adult patients: 3257 (64.6%) were women. Patients born after 1950 showed a significant increase in height (average 3.22 cm) compared to patients born before 1950 (163.93 vs 160 cm; 95% confidence interval, CI = 2.74-3.70 cm) (p < .0001). H. pylori-infected patients were nearly 1 cm shorter than uninfected patients (95% CI = -1.35 to·-0.09 cm) (p = .012). The multivariate linear regression analysis showed male gender, birth cohort, and occupational categories to be strongly associated with height, while the weak effect of H. pylori infection disappeared. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate a strong secular trend related to body height in Sardinia with a minimal influence of H. pylori infection.
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|Titolo:||Role of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Body Height of Adult Dyspeptic Patients.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|