Analysis of the geographical variation of risk for a disease is a key issue in descriptive epidemiology and may provide useful suggestions for planning further studies to identify the underlying causes. We adopted a Bayesian approach to investigate the geographical distribution of insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) incidence rate across Sardinia. Data on incidence of IDDM in children aged under 15 years (619 IDDM cases) in Sardinia was obtained by the Sardinian Eurodiab ACE register. The overall completeness of ascertainment was: 91.3%. The average yearly standardized incidence rate for the years 1989-1994 was 33.24 per 100 000 (95% C.I. 30.60, 35.88), which is the second highest in Europe after Finland. Sex and age- specific risks were higher in males than in females. Considering the variation of IDDM risk according to the age at diagnosis, the risk profile increased up to the 13th year of age for both sexes, being steeper in males. The degree of geographical variation in IDDM risk was small with a slight difference between the highest and the lowest standardized rate across the map. Indeed, even the municipalities at lowest risk in Sardinia showed a risk higher than most European countries. The Sardinian population is genetically atypical, characterized by genetic homogeneity and marked susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. Our finding of a small geographical variation within the island coupled with a marked temporal trend previously observed in data on military conscripts could be interpreted as evidence of a relatively recent environmental aetiological factor that was uniformly distributed across the island and had its effect in a genetically predisposed population.
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|Titolo:||The Sardinian IDDM Study: 1: Epidemiology and geographical distribution of IDDM in Sardinia during 1989 to 1994|
|Autori interni:||MELONI, Gianfranco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|