Environmental conditions in Sardinia (Tyrrhenian Islands) are conducive to fusarium root rot (FRR) and fusarium head blight (FHB). A monitoring survey on wheat was carried out from 2001 to 2013, investigating relations among these diseases and their causal agents. FHB was more frequently encountered in the most recent years while FRR was constantly present throughout the monitored period. By assessing the population composition of the causal agents as well as their genetic chemotypes and EF-1 polymorphisms, the study examined whether the two diseases could be differentially associated to a species or a population. Fusarium culmorum chemotypes caused both diseases and were detected at different abundances (88% 3-ADON, 12% NIV). Fusarium graminearum (15-ADON genetic chemotype) appeared only recently (2013) and in few areas as the causal agent of FHB. In F.culmorum, two haplotypes were identified based on an SNP mutation located 34bp after the first exon of the EF-1 partial sequence (60% adenine, 40% thymine); the two populations did not segregate with the chemotype but the A-haplotype was significantly associated with FRR in the Sardinian data set (P=0001), suggesting a possible fitness advantage of the A-haplotype in the establishment of FRR that was neither dependent on the sampling location nor the sampling year. The SNP determining the Sardinian haplotype is distributed worldwide. The question whether the A-haplotype segregates with characters facilitating FRR establishment will require further validation on a specifically sampled international data set.

Fusarium species and chemotypes associated with Fusarium Head Blight and Fusarium Root Rot on wheat in Sardinia / Balmas, Virgilio; Scherm, B; Marcello, A; Beyer, M; Hoffmann, L; Migheli, Quirico; Pasquali, M.. - In: PLANT PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 1365-3059. - 64:(2015), pp. 972-979. [10.1111/ppa.12337]

Fusarium species and chemotypes associated with Fusarium Head Blight and Fusarium Root Rot on wheat in Sardinia

BALMAS, Virgilio;MIGHELI, Quirico;
2015-01-01

Abstract

Environmental conditions in Sardinia (Tyrrhenian Islands) are conducive to fusarium root rot (FRR) and fusarium head blight (FHB). A monitoring survey on wheat was carried out from 2001 to 2013, investigating relations among these diseases and their causal agents. FHB was more frequently encountered in the most recent years while FRR was constantly present throughout the monitored period. By assessing the population composition of the causal agents as well as their genetic chemotypes and EF-1 polymorphisms, the study examined whether the two diseases could be differentially associated to a species or a population. Fusarium culmorum chemotypes caused both diseases and were detected at different abundances (88% 3-ADON, 12% NIV). Fusarium graminearum (15-ADON genetic chemotype) appeared only recently (2013) and in few areas as the causal agent of FHB. In F.culmorum, two haplotypes were identified based on an SNP mutation located 34bp after the first exon of the EF-1 partial sequence (60% adenine, 40% thymine); the two populations did not segregate with the chemotype but the A-haplotype was significantly associated with FRR in the Sardinian data set (P=0001), suggesting a possible fitness advantage of the A-haplotype in the establishment of FRR that was neither dependent on the sampling location nor the sampling year. The SNP determining the Sardinian haplotype is distributed worldwide. The question whether the A-haplotype segregates with characters facilitating FRR establishment will require further validation on a specifically sampled international data set.
2015
Fusarium species and chemotypes associated with Fusarium Head Blight and Fusarium Root Rot on wheat in Sardinia / Balmas, Virgilio; Scherm, B; Marcello, A; Beyer, M; Hoffmann, L; Migheli, Quirico; Pasquali, M.. - In: PLANT PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 1365-3059. - 64:(2015), pp. 972-979. [10.1111/ppa.12337]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/60445
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