We have previously shown in a large X-linked pedigree that a deletion removing the dystrophin muscle promoter, the first muscle exon and part of intron 1 caused a severe dilated cardiomyopathy with no associated muscle weakness, Dystrophin expression was present in the muscle of affected males and transcription studies indicated that this dystrophin originated from the brain and Purkinje cell isoforms, upregulated in this skeletal muscle, We have now studied dystrophin transcription and expression in the heart of one member of this family, In contrast to the skeletal muscle, dystrophin transcription and expression were absent in the heart, with the exception of the distal Dp71 dystrophin isoform, normally present in the heart, The 43- and 50-kD dystrophin-associated proteins were severely reduced in the heart, despite the presence of Dp71, but not in skeletal muscle, The absence of dystrophin and the down-regulation of the dystrophin-associated proteins in the heart accounted for the severe cardiomyopathy in this family, The mutation present in these males selectively affects dystrophin expression in the heart; this could be secondary to the removal of cardiac-specific regulatory sequences, This family may represent the first example of a mutation specifically affecting the cardiac expression of a gene, present physiologically in both the skeletal and cardiac muscles.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo
|Titolo:||A mutation in the dystrophin gene selectively affecting dystrophin expression in the heart|
|Autori interni:||GANAU, Antonello|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Rivista:||THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|